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2021 • Frontiers in Immunology

Immune2vec: Embedding B/T Cell Receptor Sequences in ℝN Using Natural Language Processing

Miri Ostrovsky-Berman, Boaz Frankel, Pazit Polak, Gur Yaari

The adaptive branch of the immune system learns pathogenic patterns and remembers them for future encounters. It does so through dynamic and diverse repertoires of T- and B- cell receptors (TCR and BCRs, respectively). These huge immune repertoires in each individual present investigators with the challenge of extracting meaningful biological information from multi-dimensional data. The ability to embed these DNA and amino acid textual sequences in a vector-space is an important step towards developing effective analysis methods. Here we present Immune2vec, an adaptation of a natural language processing (NLP)-based embedding technique for BCR repertoire sequencing data. We validate Immune2vec on amino acid 3-gram sequences, continuing to longer BCR sequences, and finally to entire repertoires. Our work demonstrates Immune2vec to be a reliable low-dimensional representation that preserves relevant information of immune sequencing data, such as n-gram properties and IGHV gene family classification. Applying Immune2vec along with machine learning approaches to patient data exemplifies how distinct clinical conditions can be effectively stratified, indicating that the embedding space can be used for feature extraction and exploratory data analysis.

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2021 • Nanoscale Advances, 2021

Tailor made magnetic nanolights: fabrication to cancer theranostics applications

Poushali Das, Sayan Ganguly, Shlomo Margel, Aharon Gedanken

Nanoparticles having magnetic and fluorescent properties could be considered as a gift to materials scientists due to their unique magneto-optical qualities. Multiple component particles can overcome challenges related with a single component and unveil bifunctional/multifunctional features that can enlarge their applications in diagnostic imaging agents and therapeutic delivery vehicles. Bifunctional nanoparticles that have both luminescent and magnetic features are termed as magnetic nanolights. Herein, we present recent progress of magneto-fluorescent nanoparticles (quantum dots based magnetic nanoparticles, Janus particles, and heterocrystalline fluorescent magnetic materials), comprehensively describing fabrication strategies, types, and biomedical applications. In this review, our aim is not only to encompass the preparation strategies of these special types of magneto-fluorescent nanomaterials but …

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Evaluation of Mg [B (HFIP) ₄] ₂-Based Electrolyte Solutions for Rechargeable Mg Batteries

Ben Dlugatch, Meera Mohankumar, Ran Attias, Balasubramoniam Murali Krishna, Yuval Elias, Yosef Gofer, David Zitoun, Doron Aurbach

2021 • Viruses

The Portal Vertex of KSHV Promotes Docking of Capsids at the Nuclear Pores

Ronit Sarid, Daniela Dünn-Kittenplon, Yaron Shav-Tal, Inna Kalt, Asaf Ashkenazy-Titelman, Jean-Paul Lellouche

Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a cancer-related herpesvirus. Like other herpesviruses, the KSHV icosahedral capsid includes a portal vertex, composed of 12 protein subunits encoded by open reading frame (ORF) 43, which enables packaging and release of the viral genome into the nucleus through the nuclear pore complex (NPC). Capsid vertex-specific component (CVSC) tegument proteins, which directly mediate docking at the NPCs, are organized on the capsid vertices and are enriched on the portal vertex. Whether and how the portal vertex is selected for docking at the NPC is unknown. Here, we investigated the docking of incoming ORF43-null KSHV capsids at the NPCs, and describe a significantly lower fraction of capsids attached to the nuclear envelope compared to wild-type (WT) capsids. Like WT capsids, nuclear envelope-associated ORF43-null capsids co-localized with different nucleoporins (Nups) and did not detach upon salt treatment. Inhibition of nuclear export did not alter WT capsid docking. As ORF43-null capsids exhibit lower extent of association with the NPCs, we conclude that although not essential, the portal has a role in mediating the interaction of the CVSC proteins with Nups, and suggest a model whereby WT capsids can dock at the nuclear envelope through a non-portal penton vertex, resulting in an infection ‘dead end’.

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2021 • Catalysis Science & Technology

Carbon supported Pt–Ni octahedral electrocatalysts as a model to monitor nickel corrosion and particle detachment

Melina Zysler, Tal Klingbell, Charles D Amos, Paulo Fereira, David Zitoun

Pt-Ni nanoparticles (NPs) are used as electrocatalysts toward the oxygen reduction reaction due to their high mass activity. However, degradation processes at the high potential in the acidic conditions of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell delay its massive implementation. The model presented here facilitates understanding the corrosion by clearing variables related to the electrochemical measurement (non-equilibrium condition and complex system) and focusing on the gradual etching of Ni via two-phase Ni(II) transfer treatment promoted by chelating agents (CAs). We synthesized Pt-Ni/C octahedral NPs and then used six chemically different CAs as corrosion agents for Ni. The corrosion yielded concave octahedral and hexapod NPs. Amine-rich CAs treatment results in particle detachment from the carbon substrates, while carboxylic rich preserve the carbon-particle interface. We correlate the detachment …

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2021 • Translational Psychiatry

RNA editing of the 5-HT2C receptor in the central nucleus of the amygdala is involved in resilience behavior

Warhaftig Gal, Sokolik Chaya Mushka, Khermesh Khen, Lichtenstein Yehuda, Barak Michal, Bareli Tzofnat, Erez Y Levanon, Yadid Gal

Post-traumatic-stress-disorder (PTSD) is a stress-related condition that may develop after exposure to a severe trauma-event. One of the core brain areas that is considered to be a key regulatory region of PTSD is the amygdala. Specifically, the central amygdala (CeA) is involved in emotion processing and associative fear learning memory, two main circuits involved in PTSD. Long term dysregulation of trauma-related emotional processing may be caused by neuroadaptations that affect gene expression. The adenosine-(A) to-inosine (I) RNA editing machinery is a post-transcriptional process that converts a genomic encoded A to I and is critical for normal brain function and development. Such editing has the potential to increase the transcriptome diversity, and disruption of this process has been linked to various central nervous system disorders. Here, we employed a unique animal model to examine the possibility …

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Na0. 44MnO2/Polyimide Aqueous Na-ion Batteries for Large Energy Storage Applications

J Ark, PD Archer, JE Gruener, DW Ming, VM Tu, PB Niles, SA Mertzman, S Maddukuri, A Nimkar, MS Chae, T Penki, S Luski, D Aurbach

Aqueous salt batteries with high concentrations of salt or water in salt aqueous systems have received considerable attention with focus on improving working voltage range and energy density. Here, the effect of NaClO4 salt concentration on the electrochemical performance and stability of tunnel-type Na0. 44MnO2 (NMO) cathodes and organic polyimide (PI) derivative anodes was studied. High capacity retention and 100% coulombic efficiency were shown for NMO/PI full cell in saturated NaClO4 electrolyte. A high, stable capacity of 115 mAh/g was achieved for the PI anode material, and the full cell showed a stable capacity of 41 mAh/g at 2C rate for 430 cycles (calculated for the weight of NMO cathode). Even at a fast 5C rate, a discharge capacity of 33 mAh/g was maintained for 2,400 prolonged cycles with nearly 100% efficiency. The full cell device can achieve an average voltage of 1 V with energy density of …

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2021 • Advanced Materials Interfaces

Photopolymerized Thin Coating of Polypyrrole/Graphene Nanofiber/Iron Oxide onto Nonpolar Plastic for Flexible Electromagnetic Radiation Shielding, Strain Sensing, and Non …

Sayan Ganguly, Naftali Kanovsky, Poushali Das, Aharon Gedanken, Shlomo Margel

The current work presents the fabrication of micrometer‐thick single‐side‐coated surface‐engineered polypropylene (PP) film for versatile flexible electronics applications. Herein, the authors report, for the first time, photopolymerized thin coating of graphene nanofibers (GNFs) and iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) onto non‐polar plastic via surface chemistry. The fabrication is achieved by adopting three consecutive steps; initially corona treated PP films are treated with silane for thin layer silica coating. Then, the silylated PP films are brushed up by pyrrole/GNFs/IONPs mixture, followed by UV exposure. The coated films show surface conductivity in the range of ≈20 S cm−1 at room temperature. Moreover, ≈15 microns of the coated film is tested against electromagnetic waves in the X‐band region (8.2–12.4 GHz) and its shielding behavior (≈24 dB) is confirmed. To demonstrate its wide range of versatility, the …

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2021 • Deep Sequencing Data Analysis, 59-80, 2021

Applications of community detection algorithms to large biological datasets

Itamar Kanter, Gur Yaari, Tomer Kalisky

2021 • s Note: MDPI stays neu-tral with regard to jurisdictional clai-ms in …, 2021

Carbon Dots-Based Logic Gates. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 232

S Pawar, H Duadi, Y Fleger, D Fixler

Carbon dots (CDs)-based logic gates are smart nanoprobes that can respond to various analytes such as metal cations, anions, amino acids, pesticides, antioxidants, etc. Most of these logic gates are based on fluorescence techniques because they are inexpensive, give an instant response, and highly sensitive. Computations based on molecular logic can lead to advancement in modern science. This review focuses on different logic functions based on the sensing abilities of CDs and their synthesis. We also discuss the sensing mechanism of these logic gates and bring different types of possible logic operations. This review envisions that CDs-based logic gates have a promising future in computing nanodevices. In addition, we cover the advancement in CDs-based logic gates with the focus of understanding the fundamentals of how CDs have the potential for performing various logic functions depending upon their different categories.

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2021 • Frontiers in Physics

Transmission structured illumination microscopy for quantitative phase and scattering imaging

Kai Wen, Ying Ma, Min Liu, Jianlang Li, Zeev Zalevsky, Juanjuan Zheng

In this paper, we demonstrate a digital micromirror device (DMD) based optical microscopic apparatus for quantitative differential phase contrast (qDIC) imaging, coherent structured illumination microscopy (SIM), and dual-modality (scattering/fluorescent) imaging. For both the qDIC imaging and the coherent SIM, two sets of fringe patterns with orthogonal orientations and five phase-shifts for each orientation, are generated by a DMD and projected on a sample. A CCD camera records the generated images in a defocusing manner for qDIC and an in-focus manner for coherent SIM. Both quantitative phase images and super-resolved scattering/fluorescence images can be reconstructed from the recorded intensity images. Moreover, fluorescent imaging modality is integrated, providing specific biochemical structures of the sample once using fluorescent labeling. We believe such a simple and versatile apparatus will find wide applications in biomedical fields or life science.

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2021 • s Note: MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published …, 2021

Solvent-Free Mechanochemical Synthesis of ZnO Nanoparticles by High-Energy Ball Milling of ε-Zn (OH) 2 Crystals. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 238

G Otis, M Ejgenberg, Y Mastai

A detailed investigation is presented for the solvent-free mechanochemical synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles from ε-Zn (OH) 2 crystals by high-energy ball milling. Only a few works have ever explored the dry synthetic route from ε-Zn (OH) 2 to ZnO. The milling process of ε-Zn (OH) 2 was done in ambient conditions with a 1: 100 powder/ball mass ratio, and it produced uniform ZnO nanoparticles with sizes of 10–30 nm, based on the milling duration. The process was carefully monitored and the effect of the milling duration on the powder composition, nanoparticle size and strain, optical properties, aggregate size, and material activity was examined using XRD, TEM, DLS, UV-Vis, and FTIR. The mechanism for the transformation of ε-Zn (OH) 2 to ZnO was studied by TGA and XPS analysis. The study gave proof for a reaction mechanism starting with a phase transition of crystalline ε-Zn (OH) 2 to amorphous Zn (OH …

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2021 • Optica 8 (8), 1033-1039, 2021

Localized modes revealed in random lasers

2021 • Open Journal of Chemistry

Biofuels and biochemicals from biomass

IN Pulidindi, A Gedanken

Among various renewable energy sources, namely, biomass, solar, wind, hydrothermal and geothermal, biomass standout as an environmentally benign, sustainable and an immediate substitute to fossil based fuels. This is due to the abundance of the carbon source in the form of cellulose in the biomass. Cellulose is the major chemical constituent of terrestrial biomass (40-50 wt.%, percentage by weight) with the other constituents being hemicellulose and lignin. However, owing to the extensive inter and intramolecular hydrogen bonding network existing in the cellulose structure, depolymerization of cellulose to monomeric carbohydrate glucose is nearly two orders of magnitude difficult than the hydrolysis of starch to glucose. The extensive inter and intramolecular hydrogen bonding network that hinders the access of acidic proton of the catalyst to attack the reaction site of β-1, 4 glycosidic bonds of cellulose (the linear homopolymer of glucose) is shown pictorially in Figure 1. The hydrogen bonding network within a single chain of glycose polymer in the cellulose structure is called intramolecular hydrogen bonding while such bonding between two neighbouring linear chains of glucose polymers is called as intermolecular hydrogen bonding. The bond energy of such hydrogen bonding is 2 eV which is nearly 3-6 orders of magnitude higher than microwave energy (1.24 x 10-6–1.24 10-3 eV)[1]. Yet, with the application of unconventional and novel methods of activation like microwave irradiation, the acid catalyzed hydrolysis of biomass (cellulose) to monosaccharides is accelerated by facilitating the access of the acidic proton of the chemical …

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2021 • APS March Meeting Abstracts

Imaging phonon-mediated hydrodynamic flow in WTe2 with cryogenic quantum magnetometry

Uri Vool, Assaf Hamo, Georgios Varnavides, Yaxian Wang, Tony Zhou, Nitesh Kumar, Yuliya Dovzhenko, Ziwei Qiu, Christina Garcia, Andrew Pierce, Johannes Gooth, Polina Anikeeva, Claudia Felser, Prineha Narang, Amir Yacoby

Hydrodynamic electron flow is a unique signature of strong electron interactions in a material. This effect has been observed in 2D materials, but observations in bulk materials are intriguing as high-carrier density should screen the interactions. In this work, we study hydrodynamic flow in the semimetal WTe2 to gain insight into the microscopic origin of its electron interactions. We image the spatial profile of the electric current by using a nitrogen-vacancy scanning tip. Using coherent quantum sensing, we obtain magnetic field resolution of~ 10nT and spatial resolution of~ 100nm. The current pattern we observe differs substantially from the flat profile of a normal metal, and indicates correlated flow through the semimetal. The pattern also shows non-monotonic temperature dependence, with hydrodynamic effects peaking at~ 20 K. We compare our results to a model which combines ab initio electron scattering rates …

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2021 • RNA Editing: Methods and Protocols, 149-162, 2021

ALU A-to-I RNA editing: millions of sites and many open questions

Amos A Schaffer, Erez Y Levanon

Alu elements are repetitive short interspersed elements prevalent in the primate genome. These repeats account for over 10% of the genome with more than a million highly similar copies. A direct outcome of this is an enrichment in long structures of stable dsRNA, which are the target of adenosine deaminases acting on RNAs (ADARs), the enzymes catalyzing A-to-I RNA editing. Indeed, A-to-I editing by ADARs is extremely abundant in primates: over a hundred million editing sites exist in their genomes. However, despite the radical increase in ADAR targets brought on by the introduction of Alu elements, the few evolutionary conserved editing sites manage to retain their editing levels. Here, we review and discuss the cost of having an unusual amount of dsRNA and editing in the transcriptome, as well as the opportunities it presents, which possibly contributed to accelerating primate evolution.

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2021 • Chemical Science

Sustainable existence of solid mercury (Hg) nanoparticles at room temperature and their applications

Villa Krishna Harika, Tirupathi Rao Penki, Boddapati Loukya, Atanu Samanta, Gui-Liang Xu, Cheng-Jun Sun, Ilya Grinberg, Francis Leonard Deepak, Khalil Amine, Doron Aurbach, Aharon Gedanken

Although liquid mercury (Hg) has been known since antiquity, the formation of stable solid nano forms of Hg at room temperature has not been reported so far. Here, for the first time, we report a simple sonochemical route to obtain solid mercury nanoparticles, stabilized by reduced graphene oxide at ambient conditions. The as-formed solid Hg nanoparticles were found to exhibit remarkable rhombohedral morphology and crystallinity at room temperature. Extensive characterization using various physicochemical techniques revealed the unique properties of the solid nanoparticles of Hg compared to its bulk liquid metal phase. Furthermore, the solid nature of the Hg nanoparticles was studied electrochemically, revealing distinctive properties. We believe that solid Hg nanoparticles have the potential for important applications in the fields of electroanalytical chemistry and electrocatalysis.

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2021 • Biomaterials science

‘Golden’exosomes as delivery vehicles to target tumors and overcome intratumoral barriers: in vivo tracking in a model for head and neck cancer

Oded Cohen, Oshra Betzer, Noy Elmaliach-Pnini, Menachem Motiei, Tamar Sadan, Moran Cohen-Berkman, Or Dagan, Aron Popovtzer, Ady Yosepovich, Hana Barhom, Shulamit Michaeli, Rachela Popovtzer

Exosomes are promising vectors for anti-tumor therapy, due to their biocompatibility, low immunogenicity, and innate ability to interact with target cells. However, promoting clinical application of exosome-based therapeutics requires elucidation of key issues, including exosome biodistribution, tumor targeting and accumulation, and the ability to overcome tumor barriers that limit the penetration of various nano-carriers and drugs. Here, we examined these parameters in exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSC-exo) and from the A431 squamous cell carcinoma line (A431-exo), which both have potential use in cancer therapy. Using our novel technique combining gold nanoparticle (GNP) labeling of exosomes and non-invasive computed tomography imaging (CT), we longitudinally and quantitatively tracked the two intravenously-injected exosome types in A431 tumor-bearing mice. CT imaging up to 48 …

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2021 • Org. Synth

Synthesis of Tetraaryl-, Pentaaryl-, and Hexaaryl-1, 4-dihydropyrrolo [3, 2-b] pyrroles

OW Kielesiński, CA Barboza, DT Gryko, M Jacquet, M Izzo, S Osella, S Kozdra, PP Michałowski, D Gołowicz, K Kazimierczuk, MT Gorzkowski, A Lewera, M Teodorczyk, B Trzaskowski, R Jurczakowski, J Kargul, M Krzeszewski, AL Dobrzycki, MK Cyrański, A Friedman, NR Samala, HC Honig, M Tasior, L Elbaz, I Grinberg, R Orłowski, JA Clark, JB Derr, EM Espinoza, MF Mayther, O Staszewska-Krajewska, JR Winkler, H Jędrzejewska, A Szumna, HB Gray, VI Vullev, GD Kumar, M Banasiewicz, D Jacquemin, P Gajewski, O Vakuliuk, YM Poronik, GV Baryshnikov, I Deperasińska, H Agren, A Nowak-Król, B Koszarna, TD Lohrey, J Arnold, K Skonieczny, I Papadopoulos, D Thiel, K Gutkowski, P Haines, PM McCosker, AD Laurent, PA Keller, T Clark, DM Guldi, Z Szakács, E Vauthey, ŁG Łukasiewicz, M Rammo, C Stark, A Rebane, Y Qin, C Schnedermann, DG Nocera, OW Morawski, DT Kielesiński, AL Sobolewski, M Pieczykolan, B Sadowski, F Ambicki, SM Tseng, PT Chou, A Minotto, PA Haigh, E Lunedei, I Darwazeh, F Cacialli, M Bugaj, I Benkyi, M Jaszuński, A Stanger, D Sundholm, T Kim, W Kim, D Kim, S Hatanaka, T Ono, Y Yano, Y Hisaeda, M Grzybowski, H Butenschön, JP Lewtak, MK Charyton, J Porph Phthal, DJ Stewart, AT Phillips

DTG Group Daniel Gryko's Group METHODOLOGY → DYES → APPLICATIONS Gryko's Group Home News DTG Members Publications (current) Teaching Vacancies 2021 M. Krzeszewski, M. Tasior, M. Grzybowski, DT Gryko Synthesis of Tetraaryl-, Pentaaryl-, and Hexaaryl-1,4-dihydropyrrolo[3,2-b]pyrroles Org. Synth., 2021, 98, 242-262 KV Vygranenko, YM Poronik, A. Wrzosek, A. Szewczyk, DT Gryko Red emissive sulfone-rhodols as mitochondrial imaging agents Chem. Commun., 2021, 57, 7782-7785 Ł. Kielesiński, OW Morawski, CA Barboza, DT Gryko Polarized Helical Coumarins: [1,5] Sigmatropic Rearrangement and Excited-State Intramolecular Proton Transfer J. Org. Chem., 2021, 86, 6148-6159 M. Jacquet, M. Izzo, S. Osella, S. Kozdra, PP Michałowski, D. Gołowicz, K. Kazimierczuk, MT Gorzkowski, A. Lewera, M. Teodorczyk, B. Trzaskowski, R. Jurczakowski, DT Gryko, J. Kargul Development of a universal …

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2021 • Virtual Prototyping & Bio Manufacturing in Medical Applications, 125-152, 2021

Engineering Oriented Scaffolds for Directing Neuronal Regeneration

Merav Antman-Passig, Orit Shefi

Following nervous system injuries, such as peripheral or spinal cord injuries, severed nerves must regenerate to reinnervate tissues and restore lost-functionality. In many peripheral nerve injuries surgical intervention is required to bridge the gaps created and facilitate regrowth. The gold standard for peripheral nerve repair remains end-to-end suturing and nerve grafting, yet, these still present unmet challenges and limitation including misalignment of regenerating axons. Following spinal cord injuries currently there are no therapies capable of complete nerve restoration. Tissue engineering strategies include the design of structured tissue-like platforms to support growth and facilitate reconstructions of damaged tissues for both the peripheral and the central nervous systems. In the last two decades efforts to increase accuracy of regeneration through engineering growth-and-alignment promoting platforms …

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2021 • Taylor and Francis Ltd. 17 (1), 1-382, 2021

Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy 1

Daniel J Klionsky, Amal Kamal Abdel-Aziz, Sara Abdelfatah, Mahmoud Abdellatif, Asghar Abdoli, Steffen Abel, Hagai Abeliovich, Marie H Abildgaard, Yakubu Princely Abudu, Abraham Acevedo-Arozena, Iannis E Adamopoulos, Khosrow Adeli, Timon E Adolph, Annagrazia Adornetto, Elma Aflaki, Galila Agam, Anupam Agarwal, Bharat B Aggarwal, Maria Agnello, Patrizia Agostinis, Javed N Agrewala, Alexander Agrotis, Patricia V Aguilar, S Tariq Ahmad, Zubair M Ahmed, Ulises Ahumada-Castro, Sonja Aits, Shu Aizawa, Yunus Akkoc, Tonia Akoumianaki, Hafize Aysin Akpinar, Ahmed M Al-Abd, Lina Al-Akra, Abeer Al-Gharaibeh, Moulay A Alaoui-Jamali, Simon Alberti, Elísabet Alcocer-Gómez, Cristiano Alessandri, Muhammad Ali, Alim Al-Bari, Saeb Aliwaini, Javad Alizadeh, Eugènia Almacellas, Alexandru Almasan, Alicia Alonso, Guillermo D Alonso, Nihal Altan-Bonnet, Dario C Altieri, Élida Álvarez, Sara Alves, Cristine Alves da Costa, Mazen M Alzaharna, Marialaura Amadio, Consuelo Amantini, Cristina Amaral, Susanna Ambrosio, Amal O Amer, Veena Ammanathan, Zhenyi An, Stig U Andersen, Shaida A Andrabi, Magaiver Andrade-Silva, Allen M Andres, Sabrina Angelini, David Ann, Uche C Anozie, Mohammad Y Ansari, Pedro Antas, Adam Antebi, Zuriñe Antón, Tahira Anwar, Lionel Apetoh, Nadezda Apostolova, Toshiyuki Araki, Yasuhiro Araki, Kohei Arasaki, Wagner L Araújo, Jun Araya, Catherine Arden, M-A Arévalo, Sandro Arguelles, Esperanza Arias, Jyothi Arikkath, Hirokazu Arimoto, Aileen R Ariosa, Darius Armstrong-James, Laetitia Arnauné-Pelloquin, Angeles Aroca, Daniela S Arroyo, Ivica Arsov, Rubén Artero, Dalia Maria Lucia Asaro, Michael Aschner, Milad Ashrafizadeh, Osnat Ashur-Fabian, Atanas G Atanasov, Alicia K Au, Patrick Auberger, Holger W Auner, Laure Aurelian, Riccardo Autelli, Laura Avagliano, Yenniffer Ávalos, Sanja Aveic, Célia Alexandra Aveleira, Tamar Avin-Wittenberg, Yucel Aydin, Scott Ayton, Srinivas Ayyadevara, Maria Azzopardi, Misuzu Baba, Jonathan M Backer, Steven K Backues, D-H Bae, O-N Bae, Soo Han Bae, Eric H Baehrecke, Ahruem Baek, S-H Baek, Sung Hee Baek, Giacinto Bagetta, Agnieszka Bagniewska-Zadworna, Hua Bai, Jie Bai, Xiyuan Bai, Yidong Bai, Nandadulal Bairagi, Shounak Baksi, Teresa Balbi, Cosima T Baldari, Walter Balduini, Andrea Ballabio, Maria Ballester, Salma Balazadeh, Rena Balzan, Rina Bandopadhyay, Sreeparna Banerjee, Á Bánréti, Y Bao, MS Baptista, A Baracca, C Barbati, A Bargiela, D Barilà, PG Barlow, SJ Barmada, E Barreiro, GE Barreto, J Bartek, B Bartel


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