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Mar 2022 • Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XIX …, 2022

Designing a quantifiable detection method for the optimization of gold nanoparticle based gene therapy

Jacqueline Labovitz, Menachem Motiei, Tamar Sadan, Dror Fixler, Rachela Popovtzer

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Mar 2022 • Diagnostics

Simultaneous Noninvasive Detection and Therapy of Atherosclerosis Using HDL Coated Gold Nanorods

Rinat Ankri, Dorit Leshem-Lev, Hamootal Duadi, Emanuel Harari, Menachem Motiei, Edith Hochhauser, Eli I Lev, Dror Fixler

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. A real need exists in the development of new, improved therapeutic methods for treating CVD, while major advances in nanotechnology have opened new avenues in this field. In this paper, we report the use of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) coated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (GNP-HDL) for the simultaneous detection and therapy of unstable plaques. Based on the well-known HDL cardiovascular protection, by promoting the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT), injured rat carotids, as a model for unstable plaques, were injected with the GNP-HDL. Noninvasive detection of the plaques 24 h post the GNP injection was enabled using the diffusion reflection (DR) method, indicating that the GNP-HDL particles had accumulated in the injured site. Pathology and noninvasive CT measurements proved the recovery of the injured artery treated with the GNP-HDL. The DR of the GNP-HDL presented a simple and highly sensitive method at a low cost, resulting in simultaneous specific unstable plaque diagnosis and recovery.

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Mar 2022 • arXiv e-prints

Enhancement of Superconductivity upon reduction of carrier density in proximitized graphene

Gopi Nath Daptary, Udit Khanna, Eyal Walach, Arnab Roy, Efrat Shimshoni, Aviad Frydman

The superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of a single layer graphene coupled to an Indium oxide (InO) film, a low carrier-density superconductor, is found to increase with decreasing carrier density and is largest close to the average charge neutrality point in graphene. Such an effect is very surprising in conventional BCS superconductors. We study this phenomenon both experimentally and theoretically. Our analysis suggests that the InO film induces random electron and hole-doped puddles in the graphene. The Josephson effect across these regions of opposite polarity enhances the Josephson coupling between the superconducting clusters in InO, along with the overall Tc of the bilayer heterostructure. This enhancement is most effective when the chemical potential of the system is tuned between the charge neutrality points of the electron and hole-doped regions.

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Mar 2022 • Bulletin of the American Physical Society

Effect of acoustic phonons on quantum criticality

Abhisek Samanta, Efrat Shimshoni, Daniel Podolsky

We study the fate of quantum criticality in a spin system coupled to gapless phonons. In one dimension, a recent study based on renormalization group (RG) analysis and density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations reveals the possibility of the transition to remain second-order or driven to first-order, depending on the ratio of velocities of the spins and the phonons. Our goal is to understand how the coupling affects the transition in higher dimensions. We did a perturbative RG analysis of the Φ 4 theory coupled to acoustic phonons, using an ε expansion near (3+ 1) dimensions. Our analysis is supplemented by a Quantum Monte Carlo simulation of the coupled system in two and three dimensions.

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Mar 2022 • Label-free Biomedical Imaging and Sensing (LBIS) 2022, PC1197204, 2022

Structured unknown-illumination based super-resolved label free imaging

Gal Chen, Abhijit Sanjeev, Vismay Trivedi, Javier Garcia, Ricardo Rubio, Zeev Zalevsky

Time multiplexing is a super resolution technique that sacrifices time to overcome the resolution reduction obtained because of diffraction. In structured illumination super-resolved imaging, high resolution and time changing patterns are projected on top of an object and a set of low resolution images are captured with the low quality imaging system. The set of low resolution images are digitally decoded with decoding patterns that are based on the high resolution projected encoding patterns. In conventional structured-illuination approaches, the projected encoding patterns need to be a priori known in order to be used in the decoding process. In this presentation, we will describe an enhancement of structured illumination approach towards label free imaging while obtaining the super resolved result without the need of requiring the a priori knowledge on the projected encoding patterns.

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Mar 2022 • arXiv preprint arXiv:2203.04669

Enhancement of superconductivity upon reduction of carrier density in proximitized graphene

Gopi Nath Daptary, Udit Khanna, Eyal Walach, Arnab Roy, Efrat Shimshoni, Aviad Frydman

The superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of a single layer graphene coupled to an Indium oxide (InO) film, a low carrier-density superconductor, is found to increase with decreasing carrier density and is largest close to the average charge neutrality point in graphene. Such an effect is very surprising in conventional BCS superconductors. We study this phenomenon both experimentally and theoretically. Our analysis suggests that the InO film induces random electron and hole-doped puddles in the graphene. The Josephson effect across these regions of opposite polarity enhances the Josephson coupling between the superconducting clusters in InO, along with the overall Tc of the bilayer heterostructure. This enhancement is most effective when the chemical potential of the system is tuned between the charge neutrality points of the electron and hole-doped regions.

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Mar 2022 • Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XIX …, 2022

Designing a quantifiable detection method for the optimization of gold nanoparticle based gene therapy

Jacqueline Labovitz, Menachem Motiei, Tamar Sadan, Dror Fixler, Rachela Popovtzer


Mar 2022 • Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XIX …, 2022

Preferential uptake of glucose-functionalized liposomes by cancer cells

Chen Tzror-Azankot, Tamar Sadan, Ayelet Atkins, Menachem Motiei, Rachela Popovtzer

Liposomes are a promising drug delivery system, owing to their biocompatibility and ability to efficiently encapsulate and protect a wide range of molecules for medical applications. Active targeting of the liposomes is typically performed by surface modification, which enables delivery of the liposomes to a specific target tissue. Tumor cells are characterized by high glucose demand and high metabolic activity, because of the increased requirement of energy to feed uncontrolled proliferation. Taking advantage of the increased glucose uptake by cancer cells, we developed a glucose-labeled liposome, which is tumor-targeted - both by recognition of over-expressed glucose transporters on tumor cells, and by the unique characteristics of tumor vasculature that allow greater accumulation of nanoparticles. In this study, glucosecoated liposome uptake was evaluated in different types of cancer cells, both quantitatively …

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Mar 2022 • Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XIX …, 2022

Golden exosomes: a new platform for cancer theranostics

Adi Anaki, Oshra Betzer, Menachem Motiei, Tamar Sadan, Dror Fixler, Rachela Popovtzer

Delivery of therapeutics to tumors is a major challenge, due to the sequence of formidable biological barriers in the body and tumor, which limit the penetration of various nano-carriers and drugs into the tumor. Exosomes are promising vectors for delivery of anti-tumor therapies, due to their biocompatibility, ability to evade clearance, and innate ability to home to, and interact with, target cells. However, promoting clinical application of exosome-based therapeutics requires elucidation of key issues, including exosome bio-distribution, tumor targeting, and the ability to overcome tumor barriers. Here, we examined these parameters using mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs)-derived exosomes loaded with gold nanoparticles (GNPs), aiming to delineate design principles for therapy loading and delivery. This novel technology provides essential and fundamental knowledge on exosomes for enhanced targeted drug …

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Mar 2022 • Bulletin of the American Physical Society

One dimensional quantum Wigner crystals and SU (4) magnetism

Gergely Zarand, Shahal Ilani, Assaf Hamo, Catalin Pascu Moca, Örs Legeza, Ilanit Shapir, Sharon Pecker

The quantum crystal of electrons, predicted by Jenő Wigner almost 90 years ago, is one of the most elusive states of matter. In the very dilute limit, where the crystal forms, disorder effects and inhomogeneity very easily destroy this fragile state of matter, which is therefore very hard to be observed in its pristine form. It is also a major challenge for theorists to produce quantitative results in this strongly interacting, dilute limit, where the melting of the crystal occurs. We present corroborated experimental and theoretical results, which lead to a recent, direct observation of the spatial crystal structure of one dimensional Wigner quantum crystals in carbon nanotubes [1]. In the experiments, we a non-invasive single electron (hole) probe is employed, and we compare the experimental results with self-consistent DMRG simulations. We also investigate the tunneling of the crystal in a double well potential, and demonstrate by …

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Mar 2022 • Bulletin of the American Physical Society

MoS2 Hybrids with Intercalated Zerovalent Metals for Optoelectronics

Ashwin Ramasubramaniam, Chen Stern, Avraham Twitto, Rafi Snitkoff, Yafit Fleger, Sabyasachi Saha, Loukya Bodipatti, Akash Jain, Mengjing Wang, Kristie Koski, Francis Deepak, Doron Naveh

The intercalation of layered compounds is a promising route for scalable synthesis of 2D heterostructures with novel emergent optoelectronic properties. Here, we investigate, via first principles calculations, the intercalation of zerovalent metals within the van der Waals gap of bulk MoS 2. Specifically, we focus on a novel Cu-MoS 2 hybrid that accommodates uniform, continuous 2D layers of metallic Cu within the vdW gap of MoS 2. We study the evolution of the Cu-MoS 2 hybrid with increasing Cu content and examine the consequences for intercalation energetics and optoelectronic properties as the intercalated Cu evolves from disordered clusters to contiguous layers. We identify an emergent plasmon resonance (~ 1eV) that is unique to the Cu-MoS 2 hybrid, arising from resonant 2D Cu states within the MoS 2 band gap. Our calculations are shown to be in good agreement with experiments and help explain the …

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Mar 2022 • Inorganics

Improved Electrochemical Behavior and Thermal Stability of Li and Mn-Rich Cathode Materials Modified by Lithium Sulfate Surface Treatment

Hadar Sclar, Sandipan Maiti, Rosy Sharma, Evan M Erickson, Judith Grinblat, Ravikumar Raman, Michael Talianker, Malachi Noked, Aleksandr Kondrakov, Boris Markovsky, Doron Aurbach


Mar 2022 • Optical and Quantum Sensing and Precision Metrology II, PC120160Z, 2022

Nonlinear quantum interferometer in the time and frequency domains

Moti Fridman, Eliahu Cohen

Interferometers are highly sensitive to phase differences and are utilized in numerous schemes. Quantum interferometers are able to improve the sensitivity of classical interferometers beyond the shot-noise limit. This is done by employing squeezed states of light and destructive interference of the noise in the system. We developed a quantum SU(1,1) interferometer in the time domain. Our nonlinear quantum interferometer creates interference of the input signals at different times and frequencies. We can control the time and frequency differences for investigating the full temporal and spectral structure of the signal. This quantum interferometer can be utilized for sensing ultrafast phase changes, quantum imaging, temporal mode encoding, and studying the temporal structure of entangled photons.

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Mar 2022 • ACS Energy Letters

Stabilizing High-Voltage Lithium-Ion Battery Cathodes Using Functional Coatings of 2D Tungsten Diselenide

Sandipan Maiti, Rajashree Konar, Hadar Sclar, Judith Grinblat, Michael Talianker, Maria Tkachev, Xiaohan Wu, Aleksandr Kondrakov, Gilbert Daniel Nessim, Doron Aurbach

Functional surface coatings were applied on high voltage spinel (LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4; LNMO) and Ni-rich (LiNi0.85Co0.1Mn0.05O2; NCM851005) NCM cathode materials using few-layered 2H tungsten diselenide (WSe2). Simple liquid-phase mixing with WSe2 in 2-propanol and low-temperature (130 °C) heat treatment in nitrogen flow dramatically improved electrochemical performance, including stable cycling, high-rate performance, and lower voltage hysteresis in Li coin cells at 30 and 55 °C. Significantly improved capacity retention at 30 °C [Q401/Q9 of 99% vs 38% for LNMO and Q322/Q23 of 64% vs 46% for NCM851005] indicated efficient functionality. TEM and XPS clarified the coating distribution and coordination with the cathode surface, while postcycling studies revealed its sustainability, enabling lower transition metal dissolution and minor morphological deformation/microcrack formation. A modified and …

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Mar 2022 • Langmuir

Mussel-Inspired Polynorepinephrine/MXene-Based Magnetic Nanohybrid for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding in X-Band and Strain-Sensing Performance

Sayan Ganguly, Poushali Das, Arka Saha, Malachi Noked, Aharon Gedanken, Shlomo Margel

The current work delivers preparation of MXene-based magnetic nanohybrid coating for flexible electronic applications. Herein, we report carbon dot-triggered photopolymerized polynorepinepherene (PNE)-coated MXene and iron oxide hybrid deposited on the cellulose microporous membrane via a vacuum-assisted filtration strategy. The surface morphologies have been monitored by scanning electron microscopy analysis, and the coating thickness was evaluated by the gallium-ion-based focused ion beam method. Coated membranes have been tested against uniaxial tensile stretching and assessed by their fracture edges in order to assure flexibility and mechanical strength. Strain sensors and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding have both been tested on the material because of its electrical conductivity. The bending strain sensitivity has been stringent because of their fast ‘rupture and reform …

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Mar 2022 • Nature Communications

Landscape of adenosine-to-inosine RNA recoding across human tissues

Orshay Gabay, Yoav Shoshan, Eli Kopel, Udi Ben-Zvi, Tomer D Mann, Noam Bressler, Roni Cohen‐Fultheim, Amos A Schaffer, Shalom Hillel Roth, Ziv Tzur, Erez Y Levanon, Eli Eisenberg

RNA editing by adenosine deaminases changes the information encoded in the mRNA from its genomic blueprint. Editing of protein-coding sequences can introduce novel, functionally distinct, protein isoforms and diversify the proteome. The functional importance of a few recoding sites has been appreciated for decades. However, systematic methods to uncover these sites perform poorly, and the full repertoire of recoding in human and other mammals is unknown. Here we present a new detection approach, and analyze 9125 GTEx RNA-seq samples, to produce a highly-accurate atlas of 1517 editing sites within the coding region and their editing levels across human tissues. Single-cell RNA-seq data shows protein recoding contributes to the variability across cell subpopulations. Most highly edited sites are evolutionary conserved in non-primate mammals, attesting for adaptation. This comprehensive set can …

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Mar 2022

System and method for use in remote sensing

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Mar 2022 • Frontiers in Biological Detection: From Nanosensors to Systems XIV, PC1197904, 2022

Wearable vs. contact-free photonic bio-sensors and their application to SARS-CoV-2 symptoms detection

Zeev Kalyuzhner, Yafim Beiderman, Sergey Agdarov, Zeev Zalevsky

In this presentation we will present two types of sensors for detecting SARS-CoV-2 symptoms. The first part of the presentation will address a contact-free sensor while its operation principle involves illuminating the inspected subject with a laser beam and analyzing with artificial intelligence (AI) based algorithms, the temporal-spatial changes occurring in the back scattered secondary 2D speckle patterns captured through properly defocused optics. The sensing is performed from a distance of several meters away and is applied to different regions of the subject’s body. We demonstrate measurements performed from the chest and then we extract various cardio-pulmonary bio-sign (several simultaneously) including the sounds of subject’s heart and lungs (like a remote stethoscope). We also perform measurements from the sclera and search for anomalies in the random eye movements. From those anomalies we …

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Mar 2022 • Scientific Reports

Analysis of swallowing in infants and adults using speckle pattern analysis

Raz Shahmoon, Yitav Tamir, Yevgeny Beiderman, Sergey Agdarov, Yafim Beiderman, Zeev Zalevsky


Mar 2022 • Optical and Quantum Sensing and Precision Metrology II, PC120160X, 2022

Squeezing-enhancement of optical gyroscopic detection

Avi Pe'er

Squeezing-enhancement of optical gyroscopic detection was recorded at SPIE Photonics West held in San Francisco, California, United States 2022.

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Mar 2022 • Bulletin of the American Physical Society

Ultrafast carrier dynamics in Cu9S5 flakes

Andrea Villa, Madina Telkhozhayeva, Fabio Marangi, Eti Teblum, Aaron Ross, Mirko Prato, Luca Andena, Roberto Frassine, Francesco Scotognella, Gilbert Nessim

Copper chalcogenides have attracted attention due to their intrinsic doping properties. These materials display high carrier concentrations due to their defect-heavy structures, thus by varying their stoichiometry tunable plasmonic resonances can be observed, as it was shown previously for Cu 2-x S/Se/Te, with 09S 5 were studied by means of ultrafast transient absorption (TA) spectroscopy. The samples were pumped at 50 kHz with 50 fs pulses centered a 1.65 μm, in the region of the near-infrared (NIR) plasmonic resonance, and probed in the 1.1-1.6 μm range. The measurement was performed with a high sensitivity TA spectrometer utilizing a birefringent delay line interferometer and lock-in detection, avoiding the need for expensive IR multi-pixel detectors. We were able to measure the relaxation dynamics of the excited electrons, which are dominated by a fast decay (τ 1~ 400 fs) associated to electron-phonon …

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