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Mar 2022 • ACS Applied Nano Materials

Synergy between Cobalt–Chromium-Layered Double Hydroxide Nanosheets and Oxidized Carbon Nanotubes for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution

Bibhudatta Malik, Hari Krishna Sadhanala, SK Tarik Aziz, Sumit Majumder, Rajashree Konar, Aharon Gedanken, Gilbert Daniel Nessim

Enormous potential loss and sluggish kinetics of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) limit the practical implementation of water electrolyser systems. We attempt to address these technical challenges through the synthesis of cobalt–chromium-layered double hydroxide nanosheets (CoCr LDH) on oxidized-carbon nanotube (O-CNT) backbones as efficient OER electrocatalysts. Microscopic and elemental distribution analysis suggests that interconnected sheets of CoCr LDH masks over O-CNTs. We tested various compositions of the CoCr LDH_O-CNT hybrid (by varying the molar ratios of Co and Cr) along with the weight adjustment between CoCr LDH and O-CNTs to obtain an optimal OER activity. Due to the synergistic effect, the CoCr-LDH(3:1)_O-CNT (2:1) exhibits the lowest overpotential of 290 mV at 10 mA cm–2 with a corresponding smaller Tafel slope of 42 mV dec–1, which outperforms the other tested …

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Mar 2022 • ACS Energy Letters

Stabilizing High-Voltage Lithium-Ion Battery Cathodes Using Functional Coatings of 2D Tungsten Diselenide

Sandipan Maiti, Rajashree Konar, Hadar Sclar, Judith Grinblat, Michael Talianker, Maria Tkachev, Xiaohan Wu, Aleksandr Kondrakov, Gilbert Daniel Nessim, Doron Aurbach

Functional surface coatings were applied on high voltage spinel (LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4; LNMO) and Ni-rich (LiNi0.85Co0.1Mn0.05O2; NCM851005) NCM cathode materials using few-layered 2H tungsten diselenide (WSe2). Simple liquid-phase mixing with WSe2 in 2-propanol and low-temperature (130 °C) heat treatment in nitrogen flow dramatically improved electrochemical performance, including stable cycling, high-rate performance, and lower voltage hysteresis in Li coin cells at 30 and 55 °C. Significantly improved capacity retention at 30 °C [Q401/Q9 of 99% vs 38% for LNMO and Q322/Q23 of 64% vs 46% for NCM851005] indicated efficient functionality. TEM and XPS clarified the coating distribution and coordination with the cathode surface, while postcycling studies revealed its sustainability, enabling lower transition metal dissolution and minor morphological deformation/microcrack formation. A modified and …

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Mar 2022 • Proc. of SPIE Vol

Nano logic gates based on gold nanoparticles-carbon dots hybrid and its FLIM imaging

Shweta Pawar, Hamootal Duadi, Yafit Fleger, Dror Fixler

In today’s research area it is extremely important to assemble nanomaterials into electric devices at the nanoscale level due to the rapid expansion of nanotechnology in various fields. Designing a nanohybrid composed of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and red-emitting carbon dots (CDs) can be used to develop a fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) based logic gate that can respond to multiple input parameters. The AuNPs are conjugated to CDs surfaces through a strong covalent linkage between them. These fluorescence lifetimes-based logic gates could be the new way to overcome the limitation of fluorescence intensity-based logic gates. The Au-CDs nanohybrid shows significant fluorescence quenching of pristine CDs after conjugation of gold nanoparticles. This quenched fluorescence can be recovered back by using a proper recovering agent giving us a reversible logic output. This nanohybrid can be used …

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Mar 2022 • Nature Communications

Landscape of adenosine-to-inosine RNA recoding across human tissues

Orshay Gabay, Yoav Shoshan, Eli Kopel, Udi Ben-Zvi, Tomer D Mann, Noam Bressler, Roni Cohen‐Fultheim, Amos A Schaffer, Shalom Hillel Roth, Ziv Tzur, Erez Y Levanon, Eli Eisenberg

RNA editing by adenosine deaminases changes the information encoded in the mRNA from its genomic blueprint. Editing of protein-coding sequences can introduce novel, functionally distinct, protein isoforms and diversify the proteome. The functional importance of a few recoding sites has been appreciated for decades. However, systematic methods to uncover these sites perform poorly, and the full repertoire of recoding in human and other mammals is unknown. Here we present a new detection approach, and analyze 9125 GTEx RNA-seq samples, to produce a highly-accurate atlas of 1517 editing sites within the coding region and their editing levels across human tissues. Single-cell RNA-seq data shows protein recoding contributes to the variability across cell subpopulations. Most highly edited sites are evolutionary conserved in non-primate mammals, attesting for adaptation. This comprehensive set can …

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Mar 2022 • arXiv preprint arXiv:2203.04669

Enhancement of superconductivity upon reduction of carrier density in proximitized graphene

Gopi Nath Daptary, Udit Khanna, Eyal Walach, Arnab Roy, Efrat Shimshoni, Aviad Frydman

The superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of a single layer graphene coupled to an Indium oxide (InO) film, a low carrier-density superconductor, is found to increase with decreasing carrier density and is largest close to the average charge neutrality point in graphene. Such an effect is very surprising in conventional BCS superconductors. We study this phenomenon both experimentally and theoretically. Our analysis suggests that the InO film induces random electron and hole-doped puddles in the graphene. The Josephson effect across these regions of opposite polarity enhances the Josephson coupling between the superconducting clusters in InO, along with the overall Tc of the bilayer heterostructure. This enhancement is most effective when the chemical potential of the system is tuned between the charge neutrality points of the electron and hole-doped regions.

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Mar 2022 • Polymers for Advanced Technologies

Chirality of proteinoid nanoparticles made of lysine and phenylalanine

Liroy Lugasi, Gil Otis, Matan Oliel, Shlomo Margel, Yitzhak Mastai


Mar 2022 • ACS Applied Energy Materials

New Pb-Free Stable Sn–Ge Solid Solution Halide Perovskites Fabricated by Spray Deposition

Adi Kama, Shay Tirosh, Anat Itzhak, Michal Ejgenberg, David Cahen

Considering the toxicity of lead ions, substituting Pb with nontoxic elements in halide perovskites, HaPs, has become one of the most significant challenges associated with these materials. Here, we report on replacing Pb with Sn and Ge, focusing on an all-inorganic HaP, CsSnxGe1–xBr3, and using a multihead spray deposition setup for thin-film formation to overcome the low solubility of the precursors and improve film coverage. We find that, in this way, we can form CsSnxGe1–xBr3 films up to high x values as homogeneous solid solutions; i.e., we obtain a range of compositions with one crystal structure (rather than clusters of two phases). The cubic structure of pure CsSnBr3 is maintained up to 77 atom % Ge, with the lattice spacing decreasing with increasing Ge concentration. The optical band gap is tunable between 1.8 and 2.5 eV, from pure Sn to pure Ge HaP. Most importantly, the perovskite structural …

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Mar 2022 • Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XIX …, 2022

Extraction of absorption coefficients from two-layer phantoms based on crossover point in diffuse reflectance

Pavitra Sokke Rudraiah, Hamootal Duadi, Dror Fixler

We performed a Monte Carlo simulation to detect the tattoo ink location in the dermis layer of the human skin. Tattoo ink (thickness of 0.2mm) was located between the upper dermis layer (thickness of 2mm) and the lower dermis layer (thickness of 8mm). An appreciable difference in the spatially resolved diffuse reflectance (DR) intensity was found between the skin without tattoo and the tattooed skin. The point at which the skin without tattoo and the tattooed skin DR intensity profile intersect is called the crossover point (Cp). The slopes were extracted from the DR intensity profile before and after the Cp for a wavelength range from 400-1,000nm. The slopes are extracted from each wavelength, and we plotted the calculated square slopes versus wavelength. In the shorter wavelengths region (400-500nm), two-layer (2L) behavior was observed, and in the longer wavelengths region (600-1,000nm), a single layer …

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Mar 2022 • Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues XX …, 2022

Characterization of a large gated SPAD array for in vivo fluorescence lifetime imaging of drug target engagement

Jason T Smith, Alena Rudkouskaya, Shan Gao, Arin Ulku, Claudio Bruschini, Edoardo Charbon, Shimon Weiss, Margarida Barroso, Xavier Intes, Xavier Michalet

Near-Infrared wide-field Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging (FLI) has become an increasingly popular method due to its unique specificity in sensing the cellular micro-environment and/or protein-protein interactions via FRET, but the approach is still challenging due to inefficient detection modules. Here, we report on the characterization of a large gated SPAD array, SwissSPAD2, towards in vivo preclinical imaging of FLI-FRET. Fluorescence decay fitting as well as phasor analysis are used to demonstrate the ability of SwissSPAD2 to accurately quantify short lifetimes and associated lifetime parameters in both in vitro and in vivo experiments, in full agreement with gated ICCD measurements.

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Mar 2022 • Scientific Reports

Analysis of swallowing in infants and adults using speckle pattern analysis

Raz Shahmoon, Yitav Tamir, Yevgeny Beiderman, Sergey Agdarov, Yafim Beiderman, Zeev Zalevsky

The ability to detect and evaluate ingestion is especially important in toddlers. The development of new methods for detecting and accurately measuring ingestion is therefore extremely important. One of the methods allowing such measurements is speckle pattern analyses, a well-known phenomenon in coherent imaging. The method allows extraction of various medical parameters, such as blood pulse pressure, temporal signature of heartbeats and breath. The current work contains further development and application of the speckle tracking technique for remote detection and quantification of swallowing and distinguishing between sucking and swallowing to identify feeding disorders in infants and elderly individuals.

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Mar 2022 • Proc. of SPIE Vol

Identification of inhibitors for the S1-ACE2 interaction of the SARS-CoV-2 using magnetically modulated biosensors

Shira Roth, Amos Danielli, Michael Margulis

The outbreak of the coronavirus disease emphasized the need for fast and sensitive inhibitor screening tools for the identification of new drug candidates. In SARS-CoV-2, one of the initial steps in the infection cycle is the adherence of the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the spike protein 1 (S1) to the host cell by binding to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor. Therefore, inhibition of S1-ACE2 interaction may block the entry of the virus to the host cell, and thus may limit the spread of the virus in the body. We demonstrate a rapid and quantitative method for the detection and classification of different types of molecules as inhibitors or non-inhibitors of the S1-ACE2 interaction using magnetically modulated biosensors (MMB). In the MMB-based assay, magnetic beads are attached to the S1 protein and the ACE2 receptor is fluorescently labeled. Thus, only when the proteins interact, the fluorescent …

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Mar 2022 • Optical and Quantum Sensing and Precision Metrology II, PC120160X, 2022

Squeezing-enhancement of optical gyroscopic detection

Avi Pe'er

Squeezing-enhancement of optical gyroscopic detection was recorded at SPIE Photonics West held in San Francisco, California, United States 2022.

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Mar 2022 • Frontiers in Biological Detection: From Nanosensors to Systems XIV, PC1197906, 2022

Highly sensitive and specific SARS-CoV-2 serological assay using a magnetic modulation biosensing system

Shira Avivi Mintz, Yaniv Lustig, Victoria Indenbaum, Eli Schwartz, Amos Danielli

The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to pose a global public health threat. Effective and rapid serological assays are needed to provide valuable information about acute and past viral infections. Using the receptor-binding domain of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein 1 antigen and a highly sensitive detection technology, termed magnetic modulation biosensing (MMB), we demonstrate a quantitative and rapid SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody test with high sensitivity and specificity compared with the gold standard ELISA test. The improved analytical and clinical sensitivity of the MMB-based assay can help clinical laboratories provide critical information in a timely manner and monitor the spread of the disease.

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Mar 2022 • Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XIX …, 2022

Extracting the reduced scattering coefficient in different optical magnifications in the blue regime: theory and experiments

Channa Shapira, Inbar Yariv, Hamootal Duadi, Dror Fixler

Imaging inside a turbid media is range limited. In contrast, sensing the medium’s optical properties is possible in larger depths using the iterative multi-plane optical properties extraction (IMOPE) technique. It analyzes the reemitted light phase image reconstructed from the iterative multi-plane Gerchberg-Saxton (GS) algorithm. The root mean square (RMS) of the phase yields two graphs with opposite behaviors, that cross each other in μ's,cp. The graphs enable the extraction of the reduced scattering coefficient, μs', of the measured tissue. The IMOPE was originally developed for illumination of red wavelength and for biological applications and was extended to the blue regime of the electromagnetic field, which is applicable for underwater research. In this work, we aim to extend the range of μs' detection by optical magnification. We use a modified diffusion theory and show how μ's,cp shifts with the varying …

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Mar 2022 • ACS Energy Letters

Stabilizing High-Voltage Lithium-Ion Battery Cathodes Using Functional Coatings of 2D Tungsten Diselenide

Sandipan Maiti, Rajashree Konar, Hadar Sclar, Judith Grinblat, Michael Talianker, Maria Tkachev, Xiaohan Wu, Aleksandr Kondrakov, Gilbert Daniel Nessim, Doron Aurbach

Functional surface coatings were applied on high voltage spinel (LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4; LNMO) and Ni-rich (LiNi0.85Co0.1Mn0.05O2; NCM851005) NCM cathode materials using few-layered 2H tungsten diselenide (WSe2). Simple liquid-phase mixing with WSe2 in 2-propanol and low-temperature (130 °C) heat treatment in nitrogen flow dramatically improved electrochemical performance, including stable cycling, high-rate performance, and lower voltage hysteresis in Li coin cells at 30 and 55 °C. Significantly improved capacity retention at 30 °C [Q401/Q9 of 99% vs 38% for LNMO and Q322/Q23 of 64% vs 46% for NCM851005] indicated efficient functionality. TEM and XPS clarified the coating distribution and coordination with the cathode surface, while postcycling studies revealed its sustainability, enabling lower transition metal dissolution and minor morphological deformation/microcrack formation. A modified and …

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Mar 2022 • Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XIX …, 2022

Designing a quantifiable detection method for the optimization of gold nanoparticle based gene therapy

Jacqueline Labovitz, Menachem Motiei, Tamar Sadan, Dror Fixler, Rachela Popovtzer


Mar 2022 • Nanoscale Imaging, Sensing, and Actuation for Biomedical Applications XIX …, 2022

Golden exosomes: a new platform for cancer theranostics

Adi Anaki, Oshra Betzer, Menachem Motiei, Tamar Sadan, Dror Fixler, Rachela Popovtzer

Delivery of therapeutics to tumors is a major challenge, due to the sequence of formidable biological barriers in the body and tumor, which limit the penetration of various nano-carriers and drugs into the tumor. Exosomes are promising vectors for delivery of anti-tumor therapies, due to their biocompatibility, ability to evade clearance, and innate ability to home to, and interact with, target cells. However, promoting clinical application of exosome-based therapeutics requires elucidation of key issues, including exosome bio-distribution, tumor targeting, and the ability to overcome tumor barriers. Here, we examined these parameters using mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs)-derived exosomes loaded with gold nanoparticles (GNPs), aiming to delineate design principles for therapy loading and delivery. This novel technology provides essential and fundamental knowledge on exosomes for enhanced targeted drug …

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Mar 2022 • Bulletin of the American Physical Society

Electronic Tuning of 2D Materials with Zwitterionic and Functional Polymers

James Nicolas Pagaduan, Nicholas Hight-Huf, Yehiel Nagar, Avdhoot Datar, Doron Naveh, Michael Barnes, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam, Reika Katsumata, Todd Emrick

Functional polymers are increasingly recognized for their ability to engineer the electronic properties of 2D materials for device performance enhancement. Although dipole-rich polymer zwitterions have shown significant work function modulation of 2D materials, the contribution of zwitterion structure is not well understood. To this end, a series of zwitterionic sulfobetaine-based random copolymers with varying substituents has been prepared and applied as negative-tone resists on graphene, enabling evaluation of surface potential contrast. The influence of steric footprint on calculated dipole moment and resulting work function measured by ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy will be presented. To assess the nature of graphene surface doping by polymer zwitterions, a sample geometry that permits direct access to either the polymer or graphene side is employed using a zwitterionic phosphorylcholine-based …

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Mar 2022 • High Contrast Metastructures XI, PC120110U, 2022

Chalcogenides for static and active meta-optics

Tomer Lewi, Danveer Singh, Sukanta Nandi, Shany Cohen, Pilkhaz Nanikashvili, Michal Poplinger, Doron Naveh

We present a study of various compositions of the chalcogenide family used for static and active metasurfaces. We start with large area CVD grown amorphous spherical Selenium nanoparticles on various substrates and show that their Mie-resonant response spans the entire mid-infrared (MIR) range. By coupling Se Mie-resonators to ENZ substrates we demonstrate an order of magnitude increase in quality factor. Next, we investigate topological insulators Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3 metasurfaces. We study the optical constants of single crystal Bi2Te3 in the NIR to the MIR range, followed by fabrication and characterization of metasurface disk arrays. We show that these high permittivity metasurfaces can yield very large absorption resonances using deep subwavelength structures. Finally, we demonstrate ultra-wide dynamic tuning of PbTe meta-atoms and metasurfaces, utilizing the anomalously large thermo-optic …

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Mar 2022 • High Contrast Metastructures XI, PC120110S, 2022

CVD grown selenium spherical resonators for mid-infrared meta-optics

Danveer Singh, Tomer Lewi, Doron Naveh, Michal Poplinger

Efficient light manipulation at subwavelength scales in the mid-infrared (MIR) region is essential for various applications and can be harnessed from intrinsic low-loss dielectric resonators. Here, we demonstrate the fabrication of truncated spherical selenium (Se) resonators with tunable high-quality (Q) factor Mie resonances. Large area amorphous Se subwavelength resonators of varying sizes were grown on different substrates, using a novel CVD process. We demonstrate size-tunable Mie resonances spanning the 2-16 µm range, for single isolated resonators and large area ensembles, respectively. We show strong tunable absorption resonances (90%) in ensembles of resonators in a significantly broad MIR range. Moreover, by coupling resonators to epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) substrates, we engineer high-Q resonances as high as Q=40. We also show the resonance pinning effect near the substrate ENZ value …

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Mar 2022 • International Journal of Molecular Sciences 23 (7), 3811, 2022

Behavioral Neuroscience in the Era of Genomics: Tools and Lessons for Analyzing High-Dimensional Datasets

Assa Bentzur, Shahar Alon, Galit Shohat-Ophir

Behavioral neuroscience underwent a technology-driven revolution with the emergence of machine-vision and machine-learning technologies. These technological advances facilitated the generation of high-resolution, high-throughput capture and analysis of complex behaviors. Therefore, behavioral neuroscience is becoming a data-rich field. While behavioral researchers use advanced computational tools to analyze the resulting datasets, the search for robust and standardized analysis tools is still ongoing. At the same time, the field of genomics exploded with a plethora of technologies which enabled the generation of massive datasets. This growth of genomics data drove the emergence of powerful computational approaches to analyze these data. Here, we discuss the composition of a large behavioral dataset, and the differences and similarities between behavioral and genomics data. We then give examples of genomics-related tools that might be of use for behavioral analysis and discuss concepts that might emerge when considering the two fields together.

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