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Nov 2022 • Desalination 542, 116043, 2022

Advances and perspectives in integrated membrane capacitive deionization for water desalination

Qinghao Wu, Dawei Liang, Shanfu Lu, Haining Wang, Yan Xiang, Doron Aurbach, Eran Avraham, Izaak Cohen

Capacitive deionization (CDI) has been considered as the most promising and environmentally friendly electrical desalination technology owing to its low energy consumption and no secondary pollution. CDI is based on the principle of electric double layer for salt ion adsorption, but the existence of co-ions repulsion reduce the charge efficiency, leading to the low salt adsorption capacity. To prevent the intrinsic “co-ion effect” inside the porous carbon electrodes, membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI) by applying an ion-exchange membrane (IEM) to the surface of electrode is of increasing interest. However, MCDI brings various resistances, such as the internal and interface resistances of membrane, as well as the contact resistance between membrane and carbon electrode. More recently, by integrating “membrane” with carbon electrode without the introduction of free-standing IEM, integrated-MCDI has …

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Nov 2022 • Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry

Synthetic study toward the diterpenoid aberrarone

Liang Shi, Zhiyu Gao, Yiqing Li, Yuanhao Dai, Yu Liu, Lili Shi, Hong-Dong Hao

An approach to aberrarone, an antimalarial diterpenoid natural product with tetracyclic skeleton is reported. Key to the stereoselective preparation of the 6-5-5 tricyclic skeleton includes the mediation of Nagata reagent for constructing the C1 all-carbon quaternary centers and gold-catalyzed cyclopentenone synthesis through C–H insertion.

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Nov 2022 • Materials

Phosphate-Trapping Liposomes for Long-Term Management of Hyperphosphatemia

Chen Tzror-Azankot, Adi Anaki, Tamar Sadan, Menachem Motiei, Rachela Popovtzer

Hyperphosphatemia is a typical complication of end-stage renal disease, characterized by elevated and life-threatening serum phosphate levels. Hemodialysis does not enable sufficient clearance of phosphate, due to slow cell-to-plasma kinetics of phosphate ions; moreover, dietary restrictions and conventional treatment with oral phosphate binders have low success rates, together with adverse effects. Here, we developed a new concept of phosphate-trapping liposomes, to improve and prolong the control over serum phosphate levels. We designed liposomes modified with polyethylene glycol and encapsulated with the phosphate binder ferric citrate (FC liposomes). These liposomes were found to trap phosphate ions in their inner core, and thereby lower free phosphate ion concentrations in solution and in serum. The FC liposomes showed higher phosphate binding ability as phosphate concentrations increased. Moreover, these liposomes showed a time-dependent increase in uptake of phosphate, up to 25 h in serum. Thus, our findings demonstrate effective long-term phosphate trapping by FC liposomes, indicating their potential to reduce serum phosphate toxicity and improve current management of hyperphosphatemia.

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Nov 2022 • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C

Photoactive Antimicrobial CuZnO Nanocrystals

Shira Gigi, Tom Naor, Nir Waiskopf, David Stone, Michal Natan, Gila Jacobi, Adar Levi, Sergei Remennik, Yael Levi-Kalisman, Ehud Banin, Uri Banin


Nov 2022 • Advanced Photonics Research

Nanoscopy of Aluminum Plasmonic Cavities by Cathodoluminescence and Second Harmonic Generation

Tchiya Zar, Racheli Ron, Omer Shavit, Alon Krause, David Gachet, Adi Salomon

Herein, centrosymmetric aluminum plasmonic structures composed of triangular cavities are studied and their long‐range coupling by cathodoluminescence nanoscopy are visualized. Four different plasmonic structures containing the same subunit are studied. The plasmonic modes of the individual triangular subunits are localized at the triangle sides rather than at the vertices, in agreement with other studies. Yet, upon strong interaction between the cavities, a redistribution of the electromagnetic field is observed such that it delocalizes around the cavities in the form of a contour, providing a mode enhancement and a pronounced nonlinear response as observed by second harmonic generation. Comparison between plasmonic structures made of either silver or aluminum reveals that the metal dielectric function plays an important role in the interaction between the cavities. This work provides a rationale for …

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Nov 2022 • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C

Nanostructure-free Metal–Dielectric Stacks for Raman Scattering Enhancement and Defect Identification in CVD-Grown Tungsten Disulfide (2H-WS2) Nanosheets

Bharathi Rajeswaran, Rajashree Konar, Sriram Guddala, Tali Sharabani, Eti Teblum, Yaakov Raphael Tischler, Gilbert Daniel Nessim


Nov 2022 • Iscience

A seven-transmembrane protein-TM7SF3, resides in nuclear speckles and regulates alternative splicing

Roi Isaac, Yaron Vinik, Martin Mikl, Shani Nadav-Eliyahu, Hadas Shatz-Azoulay, Adi Yaakobi, Natalie DeForest, Amit R Majithia, Nicholas JG Webster, Yaron Shav-Tal, Eytan Elhanany, Yehiel Zick

The seven-transmembrane superfamily member 3 protein (TM7SF3) is a p53-regulated homeostatic factor that attenuates cellular stress and the unfolded protein response. Here we show that TM7SF3 localizes to nuclear speckles; eukaryotic nuclear bodies enriched in splicing factors. This unexpected location for a trans-membranal protein enables formation of stable complexes between TM7SF3 and pre-mRNA splicing factors including DHX15, LARP7, HNRNPU, RBM14, and HNRNPK. Indeed, TM7SF3 regulates alternative splicing of >330 genes, mainly at the 3′end of introns by directly modulating the activity of splicing factors such as HNRNPK. These effects are observed both in cell lines and primary human pancreatic islets. Accordingly, silencing of TM7SF3 results in differential expression of 1465 genes (about 7% of the human genome); with 844 and 621 genes being up- or down-regulated, respectively …

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Nov 2022 • Solid State Ionics

Multi-spray pyrolysis for combinatorial synthesis of materials libraries and their high-throughput screening: Application to Li-ion conducting electrolytes

Shay Tirosh, Niv Aloni, David Cahen, Diana Golodnitsky

We present a multi-head spray pyrolysis system and its application in high-throughput combinatorial synthesis for research of solid Li-ion conductors. Each spraying nozzle is fed with a separate precursor solution. The overlap of areas that are sprayed leads to unprecedented composition flexibility of the films obtained after pyrolysis. Thus, a library with a continuous composition spread of a Li-La-P-O model system is formed. The Li-ion conduction was determined on 169 cells of the library, using high throughput impedance measurements in a controlled environment. While the activation energies that were found were relatively small, Li-ion conduction was still low. This low mobility is hypothesized to originate from the sub-optimal occupation of Li sites in the non-stoichiometric materials' lattices, and/or porosity and tortuosity issues, which in turn, reduces their effective concentration and contribution to ion transport. In …

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Nov 2022 • Journal of The Electrochemical Society

Improving Li Anode Reversibility in Li–S Batteries by ZnO Coated Separators Using Atomic Layer Deposition

Shalev Blanga, Reut Yemini, Eti Teblum, Merav Tsubery, Sarah Taragin, Malachi Noked

Lithium-sulfur batteries (LSB) are considered a very attractive alternative to lithium-ion batteries due to their high theoretical capacity and low cost of the active materials. However, the realization of LSB is hostage to many challenges associated with the cathode and anode response to the electrochemical conditions inside the battery cell. While working with LSB, elemental sulfur undergoes multielectron reduction reactions until it is reduced to Li 2 S. The intermediate long chain lithium-polysulfide (LiPS) species are soluble, hence diffuse through the electrolyte solution from the cathode side to the anode. This" shuttle" phenomenon considered to be one of the main issues of LSB. Most effort in investigating LSB focused on the cathode side while only few considered the importance of the lithium anode reversibility and the separator role in preventing the" shuttle" phenomenon. In the current work, we use Atomic Layer …

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Nov 2022 • Journal of The Electrochemical Society

Electrochemical methods of transference number determination for polymer electrolyte systems: a comparative study

Shaul Bublil, Gayathri Peta, Miryam Fayena-Greenstein, Hadas Alon-Yehezkel, Ortal Raskin, Yuval Elias, Doron Aurbach

The transference number for cations, t+, is one of the most important parameters for characterizing polymeric and/or composite solid electrolytes. It expresses the contribution of the positive charge carriers to the total conductivity, which in turn reflects the degree of polarization due to the negative carriers in the electrolyte systems. Four electrochemical methods based on different equations commonly used for obtaining t+ are compared. A series of experiments were conducted with solid polymer electrolytes based on polyethylene oxide with and without TiO 2 ceramic additive. Interestingly, the oldest method developed and presented four decades ago, emerges as the most simple, reliable, sensitive, repeatable, and stable option for determining t+ values over time.

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Nov 2022 • Cell Reports

Diet-induced modifications to human microbiome reshape colonic homeostasis in irritable bowel syndrome

Hadar Bootz-Maoz, Ayelet Pearl, Ehud Melzer, Stephen Malnick, Efrat Sharon, Yifat Bennet, Rotem Tsentsarevsky, Shlomi Abuchatzera, Sivan Amidror, Elana Aretz, Shalhevet Azriel, Chen Gam Ze Letova, Maria Naama, Irit Shoval, Orly Yaron, Sarit Karako-Lampert, Shai Bel, Nissan Yissachar

Changes in microbiome composition are associated with a wide array of human diseases, turning the human microbiota into an attractive target for therapeutic intervention. Yet, clinical translation of these findings requires the establishment of causative connections between specific microbial taxa and their functional impact on host tissues. Here, we infuse gut organ cultures with longitudinal microbiota samples collected from therapy-naive patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) under a low-fermentable oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet. We show that post-diet microbiota regulates intestinal expression of inflammatory and neuro-muscular gene sets. Specifically, we identify Bifidobacterium adolescentis as a diet-sensitive pathobiont that alters tight junction integrity and disrupts gut barrier functions. Collectively, we present a pathway discovery platform for mechanistic dissection and …

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Nov 2022 • ACS Applied Polymer Materials

Carbon dot biopolymer-based flexible functional films for antioxidant and food monitoring applications

Poushali Das, Sayan Ganguly, Syed Rahin Ahmed, Masoomeh Sherazee, Shlomo Margel, Aharon Gedanken, Seshasai Srinivasan, Amin Reza Rajabzadeh


Nov 2022 • Progress in Retinal and Eye Research 89, 101029, 2022

Inherited retinal diseases: linking genes, disease-causing variants, and relevant therapeutic modalities

Nina Schneider, Yogapriya Sundaresan, Prakadeeswari Gopalakrishnan, Avigail Beryozkin, Mor Hanany, Erez Y Levanon, Eyal Banin, Shay Ben-Aroya, Dror Sharon

Inherited retinal diseases (IRDs) are a clinically complex and heterogenous group of visual impairment phenotypes caused by pathogenic variants in at least 277 nuclear and mitochondrial genes, affecting different retinal regions, and depleting the vision of affected individuals. Genes that cause IRDs when mutated are unique by possessing differing genotype-phenotype correlations, varying inheritance patterns, hypomorphic alleles, and modifier genes thus complicating genetic interpretation. Next-generation sequencing has greatly advanced the identification of novel IRD-related genes and pathogenic variants in the last decade. For this review, we performed an in-depth literature search which allowed for compilation of the Global Retinal Inherited Disease (GRID) dataset containing 4,798 discrete variants and 17,299 alleles published in 31 papers, showing a wide range of frequencies and complexities among …

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Nov 2022 • The Journal of Chemical Physics

Accurate thermochemistry of covalent and ionic solids from spin-component-scaled MP2

Tamar Goldzak, Xiao Wang, Hong-Zhou Ye, Timothy C Berkelbach

We study the performance of spin-component-scaled second-order Møller–Plesset perturbation theory (SCS-MP2) for the prediction of the lattice constant, bulk modulus, and cohesive energy of 12 simple, three-dimensional covalent and ionic semiconductors and insulators. We find that SCS-MP2 and the simpler scaled opposite-spin MP2 (SOS-MP2) yield predictions that are significantly improved over the already good performance of MP2. Specifically, when compared to experimental values with zero-point vibrational corrections, SCS-MP2 (SOS-MP2) yields mean absolute errors of 0.015 (0.017) Å for the lattice constant, 3.8 (3.7) GPa for the bulk modulus, and 0.06 (0.08) eV for the cohesive energy, which are smaller than those of leading density functionals by about a factor of two or more. We consider a reparameterization of the spin-scaling parameters and find that the optimal parameters for these solids are …

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Nov 2022 • ACS Applied Polymer Materials

Carbon Dot Biopolymer-Based Flexible Functional Films for Antioxidant and Food Monitoring Applications

Poushali Das, Sayan Ganguly, Syed Rahin Ahmed, Masoomeh Sherazee, Shlomo Margel, Aharon Gedanken, Seshasai Srinivasan, Amin Reza Rajabzadeh

Heteroatom-doped carbon dot (CD)-reinforced flexible, antioxidant, and UV-resistant polymeric thin films have been fabricated by a facile physical compounding strategy associated with the ‘cast and peel’ technique. The prepared CDs were found to be stable in aqueous media because of their zeta potential value (−5.85 mV). There was no significant change in the zeta potential values during 7 days of storage, indicating the long-term stability of CPCDs. CD-reinforced thermoplastic starch (TPS)/κ-carrageenan hybrid films have been developed as antioxidants to improve the shelf-life of agro-products. Besides this, they also qualified for mechanical strength (>40 MPa), transparency (∼77%), nondeteriorative dimensional integrity at a high relative humidity (∼97%), and UV-resistant properties. For assessing the food preservation behavior, the leaching of CDs also has been studied by time-dependent sustained …

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Nov 2022 • Springer Nature, 2022

Forward Brillouin Scattering in Standard Optical Fibers: Single-Mode, Polarization-Maintaining, and Multi-Core

Avi Zadok, Hilel Hagai Diamandi, Yosef London, Gil Bashan

This book, the first dedicated to the topic, provides a comprehensive treatment of forward stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in standard optical fibers. SBS interactions between guided light and sound waves have drawn much attention for over fifty years, and optical fibers provide an excellent playground for the study of Brillouin scattering as they support guided modes of both wave types and provide long interaction lengths. This book is dedicated to forward SBS processes that are driven by co-propagating optical fields. The physics of forward SBS is explained in detail, starting from the fundamentals of interactions between guided optical and acoustic waves, with emphasis given to the acoustic modes that are stimulated in the processes. The realization of forward SBS in standard single-mode, polarization-maintaining and multi-core fibers is then discussed in depth. Innovative potential applications in sensors, monitoring of coating layers, lasers, and radio-frequency oscillators are presented. This book introduces the subject to graduate students in optics and applied physics, and it will be of interest to scientists working in fiber-optics, nonlinear optics and opto-mechanics. Provides the first treatment of forward stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in book form; Reflects the dramatic recent increase in interest in forward SBS processes, driven in part by the promise of new fiber sensing concepts; Delivers a solid and comprehensive grounding in the physics of forward SBS along with detailed experimental set-ups, measurement protocols, and applications.

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Nov 2022 • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C

Nanostructure-free Metal–Dielectric Stacks for Raman Scattering Enhancement and Defect Identification in CVD-Grown Tungsten Disulfide (2H-WS2) Nanosheets

Bharathi Rajeswaran, Rajashree Konar, Sriram Guddala, Tali Sharabani, Eti Teblum, Yaakov Raphael Tischler, Gilbert Daniel Nessim

Low-wavenumber Raman (LWR) spectroscopy determines signatures in structural information and layer-to-layer dependency of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs). It supports proper 2D TMDC analysis and subsequent layer verification. The nondestructive nature and ultrafast detection make LWR measurements imperative for layer variations and defect investigations. Interference-enhanced Raman scattering utilizes a metal–dielectric layer to enhance the Raman signal. This has been used to study graphene, C60, and Te. Here, we investigate using Al/Al2O3 coatings to enhance the LWR scattering of different 2H-WS2 layers and understand the structures of these large-area nanosheets. Phase-pure WS2 is synthesized by CVD, and the layers are exfoliated via ultrasonication at 80 kHz. Layers were drop-casted on Al/Al2O3 coatings of different thicknesses of Al2O3 to study differences in bilayers up to a …

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Nov 2022

Ultrasound stimulation of piezoelectric nanocomposite hydrogels boosts cartilage regeneration

Leonardo Ricotti, Andrea Cafarelli, Cristina Manferdini, Diego Trucco, Lorenzo Vannozzi, Elena Gabusi, Francesco Fontana, Paolo Dolzani, Yasmin Saleh, Enrico Lenzi, Marta Columbaro, Manuela Piazzi, Jessika Bertacchini, Andrea Aliperta, Markys Cain, Paola Parlanti, Carsten Jost, Yirij Fedutik, Gilbert Nessim, Madina Telkhozhayeva, Eti Teblum, Erik Dumont, Chiara Delbaldo, Giorgia Codispoti, Lucia Martini, Matilde Tschon, Milena Fini, Gina Lisignoli

Osteoarthritis implies a progressive degeneration of the whole joint. Cartilage is particularly affected, with in ammation playing a pivotal role1. In recent years, cartilage regeneration has been pursued through several bioengineering strategies and using different stem cell types2-6. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ASCs) constitute an intriguing and minimally invasive option. However, the use of ASCs for cartilage regeneration is hampered by a relatively ine cient expression of key chondrogenic markers7. Thus, new strategies to boost both in situ targeting and chondrogenesis of ASCs are highly desirable. Here we show that ASCs embedded in a nanocomposite hydrogel including piezoelectric nanomaterials and graphene oxide nano akes, and stimulated with ultrasound waves with precisely controlled parameters (1 MHz and 250 mW/cm2, for 5 min once every two days for a period of 10 days) dramatically boost cell chondrogenic commitment. Furthermore, this stimulation regimen also has a considerable anti-in ammatory effect. The proposed nanocomposite hydrogel also shows excellent biocompatibility in vivo. Our results show for the rst time the chondrogenic potential of the combined piezoelectric nanoparticle-ultrasound stimulus; the proposed paradigm has the potential to trigger cartilage regeneration in osteoarthritis, focal cartilage defects and other pathological conditions involving cartilage lesions and degeneration. Future efforts should expand preclinical data, and target clinical applications of this therapeutic strategy.

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Oct 2022 • Forward Brillouin Scattering in Standard Optical Fibers: Single-Mode …, 2022

Introduction: Interactions Between Guided Optical and Acoustic Waves

Avi Zadok, Hilel Hagai Diamandi, Yosef London, Gil Bashan

In the first chapter of this book, the opto-mechanical effect of forward Brillouin scattering is introduced within a broader context of propagation effects in fibers and of interactions between optical and acoustic waves. A review of linear and nonlinear scattering phenomena is provided, including the mechanisms of Rayleigh, Raman, and Brillouin scattering, and the optical Kerr effect. Scattering from short-period and long-period grating devices is discussed as well. The potential applications and implications of the various mechanisms in optical fiber communications, sensing, signal processing, and lasing are briefly addressed. Next, the physical principles of opto-mechanics are introduced. These include the stimulation of elastic waves by electrostrictive bulk forces and radiation pressures and the scattering of optical waves through photoelasticity and moving boundary effects. Specific formalisms are developed for the …

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Oct 2022 • ECS Meeting Abstracts

Electrocatalyzing Oxygen Evolution Reaction with Nifeooh Aerogels

Lior Elbaz, Wenjamin Moschkowitsch

Increasing the production capacity of electrical energy to fulfill the continuously rising global demand, while simultaneously trying to avoid greenhouse gas emissions in the process, and being environmentally sound, is one of the largest challenges of this era.One way to achieve it is to rely on hydrogen for energy storage. Nowadays, most of the hydrogen produced is mainly from fossil fuels, and the emission of detrimental gasses is only shifted. To get to a true green hydrogen, it is necessary to produce it in emissions-free processes.One method to achieve this is to use renewable energies in combination with electrochemical water electrolyzers, in which two distinct chemical reactions take place: the cathodic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and the anodic oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Both reaction require catalysts to execute at high rates, and while the HER is considered to be relatively facile and takes …

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Oct 2022 • ACS Omega

Cooperative Intrinsic Basicity and Hydrogen Bonding Render SmI2 More Azaphilic than Oxophilic

Gil Kolin, Renana Schwartz, Daniel Shuster, Dan Thomas Major, Shmaryahu Hoz

It has been recently shown that SmI2 is more azaphilic than oxophilic. Density functional theory calculations reveal that coordination of 1–3 molecules of ethylenediamine is more exothermic by up to 10 kcal/mol than coordination of the corresponding number of ethylene glycol molecules. Taking into account also hydrogen bonds between ligands and tetrahydrofuran doubles this preference. The intrinsic affinity parallels the order of basicity. The cooperativity with the hydrogen bonding makes SmI2 more azaphilic than oxophilic.

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