BINA

3583 articles

75 publishers

Join mailing list

Dec 2022 • International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Supermagnetic Human Serum Albumin (HSA) Nanoparticles and PLGA-Based Doxorubicin Nanoformulation: A Duet for Selective Nanotherapy

Julia Malinovskaya, Rawan Salami, Marat Valikhov, Veronika Vadekhina, Aleksey Semyonkin, Alevtina Semkina, Maxim Abakumov, Yifat Harel, Esthy Levy, Tzuriel Levin, Rachel Persky, Vladimir Chekhonin, Jean-Paul Lellouche, Pavel Melnikov, Svetlana Gelperina

Predicting the ability of nanoparticles (NP) to access the tumor is key to the success of chemotherapy using nanotherapeutics. In the present study, the ability of the dual NP-based theranostic system to accumulate in the tumor was evaluated in vivo using intravital microscopy (IVM) and MRI. The system consisted of model therapeutic doxorubicin-loaded poly(lactide-co-glycolide) NP (Dox-PLGA NP) and novel hybrid Ce3/4+-doped maghemite NP encapsulated within the HSA matrix (hMNP) as a supermagnetic MRI contrasting agent. Both NP types had similar sizes of ~100 nm and negative surface potentials. The level of the hMNP and PLGA NP co-distribution in the same regions of interest (ROI, ~2500 µm2) was assessed by IVM in mice bearing the 4T1-mScarlet murine mammary carcinoma at different intervals between the NP injections. In all cases, both NP types penetrated into the same tumoral/peritumoral regions by neutrophil-assisted extravasation through vascular micro- and macroleakages. The maximum tumor contrasting in MRI scans was obtained 5 h after hMNP injection/1 h after PLGA NP injection; the co-distribution level at this time reached 78%. Together with high contrasting properties of the hMNP, these data indicate that the hMNP and PLGA NPs are suitable theranostic companions. Thus, analysis of the co-distribution level appears to be a useful tool for evaluation of the dual nanoparticle theranostics, whereas assessment of the leakage areas helps to reveal the tumors potentially responsive to nanotherapeutics.

Show more

Dec 2022 • ACS Applied Energy Materials

Garnet-Type Lithium Metal Fluorides: A Potential Solid Electrolyte for Solid-State Batteries

Ediga Umeshbabu, Satyanarayana Maddukuri, Doron Aurbach, Maximilian Fichtner, Anji Reddy Munnangi

In this work, we introduced a garnet-type lithium metal fluoride, Li3Na3M2F12 (M = Al, Sc, In), as solid-state lithium-ion conductors for the first time. The mechanically milled Li3Na3M2F12 compounds crystallized in a cubic garnet-like structure (Ia3̅d, No. 230). The ionic conductivities of Li3Na3Al2F12, Li3Na3Sc2F12, and Li3Na3In2F12 are 1.7 × 10–6, 8.2 × 10–6, and 2.4 × 10–6 S/cm at 300 °C and 1.2 × 10–10, 2.6 × 10–9, and 1.8 × 10–10 S/cm at 100 °C, respectively. Even though these fluoride garnets’ conductivity is less, it is still better than those of the oxide analogues Li3Ln3Te2O12 (Ln = Er, Gd, Tb, Nd). Moreover, we explored why garnet-type Li3Na3M2F12 has low ionic conductivity and presented strategies for further improving conductivities.

Show more

Dec 2022 • Optica

Distributed chemical detection outside standard coated fibers using Brillouin optical time-domain analysis of cladding mode spectra

Elad Zehavi, Alon Bernstein, Gil Bashan, Hilel Hagai Diamandi, Kavita Sharma, Yosef London, Mirit Hen, Keren Shemer, Andrei A Stolov, Jie Li, Avi Zadok

Propagation in the cladding modes of standard optical fibers enables the sensing of chemicals outside the fiber boundary, where light in the single core mode cannot reach. Coupling to the cladding modes typically relies on the inscription of permanent gratings, which restricts the operation of the sensors to point measurements only. In addition, most applications rely on bare, uncoated fibers, which are difficult to deploy outside the research laboratory. In this work, we report the spatially distributed analysis of cladding mode spectra in a standard, off-the-shelf coated fiber. The inscription of the gratings, removal of the coating, or other structural modifications are not required. Coupling is based on Brillouin dynamic gratings: Two optical pump fields stimulate an acoustic wave, which couples a probe field to a counter-propagating cladding mode. Spatial mapping is obtained through time-of-flight analysis: pulsed modulation of one pump wave and the monitoring of the output probe power as a function of time. All fields are launched and detected only in the core mode. The coupling spectrum is sensitive to local changes in the refractive index of the coating layer, to the third decimal point. The spatial resolution is one meter. The demonstrated range is a few meters, and is scalable to hundreds of meters. The technique is used to detect and monitor the local immersion of a fiber section in acetone. The results establish a practical method for spatially distributed fiber optic chemical sensors.

Show more

Dec 2022 • ACS Applied Bio Materials

Naturally derived carbon dots in situ confined self-healing and breathable hydrogel monolith for anomalous diffusion-driven phytomedicine release

Poushali Das, Sayan Ganguly, Arumugam Saravanan, Shlomo Margel, Aharon Gedanken, Seshasai Srinivasan, Amin Reza Rajabzadeh

Fluorescent nanocarbons are well-proficient nanomaterials because of their optical properties and surface engineering. Herein, Apium graveolens-derived carbon dots (ACDs) have been synthesized by a one-step hydrothermal process without using any surplus vigorous chemicals or ligands. ACDs were captured via an in situ gelation reaction to form a semi-interpenetrating polymer network system showing mechanical robustness, fluorescent behavior, and natural adhesivity. ACDs-reinforced hydrogels were tested against robust uniaxial stress, repeated mechanical stretching, thixotropy, low creep, and fast strain recovery, confirming their elastomeric sustainability. Moreover, the room-temperature self-healing behavior was observed for the ACDs-reinforced hydrogels, with a healing efficacy of more than 45%. Water imbibition through hydrogel surfaces was digitally monitored via “breathing” and “accelerated …

Show more

Dec 2022 • Authorea Preprints, 2022

Rn and CO2 in Depth, as a Proxy for Pre-Seismic Activity

Hovav Zafrir, Elad Levintal, Uri Malik, Noam Weisbrod, Yochai Ben Horin, Zeev Zalevsky Zalevsky, Nimrod Inbar

Rn and CO2 in-depth, as a proxy for pre-seismic activity Hovav Zafrir1,4, Uri Malik1, Elad Levintal2, Noam Weisbrod2, Yochai Ben Horin3, Zeev Zalevsky4, Nimrod Inbar5 1Geological Survey of Israel, 32 Yesha'ayahu Leibowitz, Jerusalem 9371234, Israel, 2The Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben-Gurion University, 8499000 Sede Boqer, Israel, 3Soreq Nuclear Research Center, Yavne 81800, Israel, 4Faculty of Engineering, Bar Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel, 5Ariel University, Ariel 40700, Israel. (First author e-mail: hzafrir@gmail.com; zafrir@gsi.gov.il). Abstract The method of long-term monitoring of subsurface gases in shallow to deep boreholes assumes that the climatic influence on geo-physicochemical parameters is limited since its energy decreases with the increase in the thickness of the geological cover. Hence, the monitoring of radon (Rn), CO2 and other constituents above and …

Show more

Dec 2022 • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B

Origin of Catalysis by Nitroalkane Oxidase

Dan Thomas Major, Prashant Kumar Gupta, Jiali Gao

The rate of proton abstraction of the carbon acid nitroethane by Asp402 is accelerated by a factor of 108 in the enzyme nitroalkane oxidase (NAO) relative to that by the organic base acetate ion in water. The Cα proton of nitroalkanes is known to exhibit an abnormal correlation between its acidity strength and the rate of deprotonation, with an unusually slow rate of deprotonation in water. This work examines the origin of NAO catalysis, revealing that the rate enhancement by the enzyme is due to transition-state stabilization, restoring the normal behavior of the linear free energy relationship of Bronsted acids. Interestingly, NAO employs the ubiquitous cofactor flavin adenosine diphosphate (FAD) to perform the subsequent oxidation. Does the FAD cofactor also affect the catalytic rate of the initial proton transfer process of the overall nitroalkane oxidation? Classical molecular dynamics and path-integral simulations …

Show more

Dec 2022 • Advanced Functional Materials

Bioengineering 3D Neural Networks Using Magnetic Manipulations (Adv. Funct. Mater. 50/2022)

Reut Plen, Alejandra Smith, Ofir Blum, Or Aloni, Uri Locker, Zehavit Shapira, Shlomo Margel, Orit Shefi

In article number 2204925, Orit Shefi and co-workers depict that neurons are transformed into magnetic units and dynamically localized within 3D biomaterials using magnetic manipulations. Iron-oxide nanoparticles are synthesized and incorporated into neurons, which are then subjected to various magnetic fields. The neurons' movement is controlled inside multi-layered 3D collagen scaffolds simulating in-vivo tissue structures, thus constructing pre-designed, viable and functional 3D microarchitectures of neural networks.

Show more

Dec 2022 • Scientific Reports

Current dependence of the negative magnetoresistance in superconducting NbN nanowires

Zoharchen Sofer, Avner Shaulov, Yosef Yeshurun

Magnetoresistance measurements in amorphous NbN nanowires show that transport current affects their negative magnetoresistance (nMR) in a manner qualitatively similar to temperature. In particular, the current suppresses the nMR and, beyond a certain level it eliminates the effect altogether. As the temperature dependence of the nMR effect is more pronounced at low currents, similarly the current dependence of the effect is more pronounced at low temperatures. These results are discussed in terms of the phenomenological model which attributes the nMR to the interplay between the resistance originating from the rate of phase slips via the Josephson relation and the Ohmic contribution from quasiparticles charge imbalance that accompany fluctuations of the order parameter in the nanowire.

Show more

Dec 2022 • Physical Review B

Giant response to spin-orbit torques in heavy-metal/ferromagnetic bilayers associated with magnetic reversal

Ariel Zaig, Shubhankar Das, Moty Shultz, Lior Klein

Using bilayer films of β-Ta (5 nm)/Ni 0.8 Fe 0.2 (2 nm), we fabricate elliptical structures which exhibit uniaxial magnetic anisotropy, resulting in single magnetic domain behavior. We study induced spin-orbit torques (SOTs) in these devices with first-and second-order harmonic Hall measurements for current flowing along the long axis of the ellipses and external magnetic field applied in the film plane. We observe a giant response to the SOTs associated with magnetization reversal of the NiFe layer, and we correlate it quantitatively with a d φ m/d φ H term, where φ m and φ H are the in-plane angles of the magnetization and the magnetic field, respectively. We discuss theoretical and applicative implications of this intriguing behavior.

Show more

Dec 2022 • Advanced Functional Materials

Bioengineering 3D neural networks using magnetic manipulations

Reut Plen, Alejandra Smith, Ofir Blum, Or Aloni, Uri Locker, Zehavit Shapira, Shlomo Margel, Orit Shefi

Controlling nerve cells to form pre‐designed 3D neural networks that recapitulate the intricate neural interconnectivity in the brain is essential for developing neuronal interfaces and new regeneration approaches. Here, nerve cells within 3D biomaterials are dynamically localized using nano‐based magnetic manipulations. Nerve cells are transformed into magnetic units and their organizational layout is manipulated using external magnetic field gradients. Iron oxide nanoparticles are incorporated into both Pheochromocytoma cell‐line 12 (PC12) cells and primary mice cortical neurons and the magnetized cells are subjected to multiple magnetic fields using pre‐designed magnetic arrays. Their movement is controlled inside multi‐layered 3D collagen scaffolds, which simulate the innate properties of in‐vivo tissue structures. Via these magnetic manipulations, functional 3D microarchitectures of neural networks are …

Show more

Dec 2022 • Applied Catalysis B: Environmental

2D TiS2 flakes for tetracycline hydrochloride photodegradation under solar light

Madina Telkhozhayeva, Baruch Hirsch, Rajashree Konar, Eti Teblum, Ronit Lavi, Michal Weitman, Bibhudatta Malik, Elisa Moretti, Gilbert Daniel Nessim

Here, we report a simple route of synthesizing bulk layered TiS2 via chemical vapor transport (CVT) using non-toxic inorganic precursors, followed by successful isolation of few-layered TiS2 flakes using high-frequency-based liquid-phase exfoliation. Exfoliated TiS2 flakes exhibit significantly enhanced photocatalytic activity towards the degradation of tetracycline hydrochloride (TCH) under simulated solar light irradiation, achieving ~ 95% degradation efficiency with its reaction rate constants six times higher than that of the bulk counterpart. The underlying degradation mechanism can be attributed to the fully exposed reactive sites originating from the well-defined layered structure. Trapping experiments coupled with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements confirm the generation of electrons and hydroxyl radicals as major active species. The photodegradation pathway and intermediates of TCH …

Show more

Dec 2022 • International Journal of Molecular Sciences

CT and MRI Imaging of Theranostic Bimodal Fe3O4@Au NanoParticles in Tumor Bearing Mice

Alexey A Lipengolts, Yulia A Finogenova, Vsevolod A Skribitsky, Kristina E Shpakova, Adi Anaki, Menachem Motiei, Alevtina S Semkina, Maxim A Abakumov, Anna V Smirnova, Elena Y Grigorieva, Rachela Popovtzer

Gold-containing nanoparticles are proven to be an effective radiosensitizer in the radiotherapy of tumors. Reliable imaging of nanoparticles in a tumor and surrounding normal tissues is crucial both for diagnostics and for nanoparticle application as radiosensitizers. The Fe3O4 core was introduced into gold nanoparticles to form a core/shell structure suitable for MRI imaging. The aim of this study was to assess the in vivo bimodal CT and MRI enhancement ability of novel core/shell Fe3O4@Au theranostic nanoparticles. Core/shell Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles were synthesized and coated with PEG and glucose. C57Bl/6 mice bearing Ca755 mammary adenocarcinoma tumors received intravenous injections of the nanoparticles. CT and MRI were performed at several timepoints between 5 and 102 min, and on day 17 post-injection. Core/shell Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles provided significant enhancement of the tumor and tumor blood vessels. Nanoparticles also accumulated in the liver and spleen and were retained in these organs for 17 days. Mice did not show any signs of toxicity over the study duration. These results indicate that theranostic bimodal Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles are non-toxic and serve as effective contrast agents both for CT and MRI diagnostics. These nanoparticles have potential for future biomedical applications in cancer diagnostics and beyond.

Show more

Dec 2022 • Polymers

Fabrication and Characterization of Hydrogen Peroxide and Thymol-Loaded PVA/PVP Hydrogel Coatings as a Novel Anti-Mold Surface for Hay Protection

Eyal Malka, Ayelet Caspi, Reut Cohen, Shlomo Margel

Animal food source production is increasing due to the growing world population. Many sources (e.g., hay) are prone to mold development, resulting in food degradation. This study proposes an environmentally friendly anti-mold fungicide comprising hydrogen peroxide (HP) and thymol entrapped in a polyvinyl alcohol/pyrrolidone (PVA/PVP) hydrogel (PVA is biodegradable and PVP is water soluble and non-toxic) coated on a polyethylene (PE) films for preservative hay packaging. The hydrogels improved the thermal stability of the entrapped HP and thymol, resulting in a prolonged release into the hay and thereby increasing anti-mold activity. The hydrogel composition and morphology, thymol and HP thermal stability, and release rates through indirect (gas phase) contact were investigated. Fungicidal capabilities were tested, indicating wide-range efficiency against mold growth on hay with a clear advantage for the thymol-loaded hydrogels. No visual side effects were observed on hay exposed to the released fumes of HP and/or thymol. These results demonstrate the potential of thymol-loaded hydrogels as effective and safe post-harvest preservatives.

Show more

Dec 2022 • Advanced Functional Materials

Bioengineering 3D Neural Networks Using Magnetic Manipulations (Adv. Funct. Mater. 50/2022)

Reut Plen, Alejandra Smith, Ofir Blum, Or Aloni, Uri Locker, Zehavit Shapira, Shlomo Margel, Orit Shefi

In article number 2204925, Orit Shefi and co-workers depict that neurons are transformed into magnetic units and dynamically localized within 3D biomaterials using magnetic manipulations. Iron-oxide nanoparticles are synthesized and incorporated into neurons, which are then subjected to various magnetic fields. The neurons' movement is controlled inside multi-layered 3D collagen scaffolds simulating in-vivo tissue structures, thus constructing pre-designed, viable and functional 3D microarchitectures of neural networks.

Show more

Dec 2022 • Biosensors

Highly Sensitive and Specific SARS-CoV-2 Serological Assay Using a Magnetic Modulation Biosensing System

Shira Avivi-Mintz, Yaniv Lustig, Victoria Indenbaum, Eli Schwartz, Amos Danielli

Sensitive serological assays are needed to provide valuable information about acute and past viral infections. For example, detection of anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) IgG antibodies could serve as the basis for an “immunity passport” that would enable individuals to travel internationally. Here, utilizing a novel Magnetic Modulation Biosensing (MMB) system and the receptor-binding domain of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, we demonstrate a highly sensitive and specific anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG serological assay. Using anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies, RT-qPCR SARS-CoV-2-positive and healthy patients’ samples, and vaccinees’ samples, we compare the MMB-based SARS-CoV-2 IgG assay’s analytical and clinical sensitivities to those of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Compared with ELISA, the MMB-based assay has an ~6-fold lower limit of detection (129 ng/L vs. 817 ng/L), and it detects an increase in the IgG concentration much earlier after vaccination. Using 85 RT-qPCR SARS-CoV-2-positive samples and 79 -negative samples, the MMB-based assay demonstrated similar clinical specificity (98% vs. 99%) and sensitivity (93% vs. 92%) to the ELISA test, but with a much faster turnaround time (45 min vs. 245 min). The high analytical and clinical sensitivity, short turnaround time, and simplicity of the MMB-based assay makes it a preferred method for antibody detection.

Show more

Dec 2022 • International Journal of Molecular Sciences

CT and MRI Imaging of Theranostic Bimodal Fe3O4@Au NanoParticles in Tumor Bearing Mice

Alexey A Lipengolts, Yulia A Finogenova, Vsevolod A Skribitsky, Kristina E Shpakova, Adi Anaki, Menachem Motiei, Alevtina S Semkina, Maxim A Abakumov, Anna V Smirnova, Elena Y Grigorieva, Rachela Popovtzer

Gold-containing nanoparticles are proven to be an effective radiosensitizer in the radiotherapy of tumors. Reliable imaging of nanoparticles in a tumor and surrounding normal tissues is crucial both for diagnostics and for nanoparticle application as radiosensitizers. The Fe3O4 core was introduced into gold nanoparticles to form a core/shell structure suitable for MRI imaging. The aim of this study was to assess the in vivo bimodal CT and MRI enhancement ability of novel core/shell Fe3O4@Au theranostic nanoparticles. Core/shell Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles were synthesized and coated with PEG and glucose. C57Bl/6 mice bearing Ca755 mammary adenocarcinoma tumors received intravenous injections of the nanoparticles. CT and MRI were performed at several timepoints between 5 and 102 min, and on day 17 post-injection. Core/shell Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles provided significant enhancement of the tumor and tumor blood vessels. Nanoparticles also accumulated in the liver and spleen and were retained in these organs for 17 days. Mice did not show any signs of toxicity over the study duration. These results indicate that theranostic bimodal Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles are non-toxic and serve as effective contrast agents both for CT and MRI diagnostics. These nanoparticles have potential for future biomedical applications in cancer diagnostics and beyond.

Show more

Dec 2022 • Biophysics Reviews 3 (4), 2022

The actin cytoskeleton: Morphological changes in pre-and fully developed lung cancer

Arkaprabha Basu, Manash K Paul, Shimon Weiss

Actin, a primary component of the cell cytoskeleton can have multiple isoforms, each of which can have specific properties uniquely suited for their purpose. These monomers are then bound together to form polymeric filaments utilizing adenosine triphosphate hydrolysis as a source of energy. Proteins, such as Arp2/3, VASP, formin, profilin, and cofilin, serve important roles in the polymerization process. These filaments can further be linked to form stress fibers by proteins called actin-binding proteins, such as α-actinin, myosin, fascin, filamin, zyxin, and epsin. These stress fibers are responsible for mechanotransduction, maintaining cell shape, cell motility, and intracellular cargo transport. Cancer metastasis, specifically epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is one of the key steps of the process, is accompanied by the formation of thick stress fibers through the Rho-associated protein kinase, MAPK/ERK …

Show more

Dec 2022 • Journal of The Electrochemical Society

An Improved Cycling Performance of Different Types of Composite Sulfur-Carbon Cathodes with the Use of Lithium Polysulfides Containing Electrolyte Solutions

Elena Markevich, Gregory Salitra, Hideki Yoshida, Shunsuke Sawada, Doron Aurbach

We report on stabilization of Li-S cells with different types of composite sulfur cathodes using ethereal LiTFSI/LiNO3/DOL/DME electrolyte solutions containing a-priori 0.1M Li2S8. These electrolyte solutions enable an improved cycling behavior for Li-S cells compared to Li2S8-free electrolyte solutions, thanks to the presence of LiSx species from the beginning of operation. We show that Li anodes cycled in Li|S cells with solutions containing Li2S8 possess flatter and more uniform surface, higher dimensions of the surface structures in average and, as a result, a lower surface area. This surface morphology ensures a low rate of parasitic surface reactions of the electrolyte components on the Li anodes’ surface, slower depletion of the electrolyte solution in the cells and stabilization of the cells cycling. Besides, the presence of Li2S8 maintains a better integrity of composite sulfur/carbon/PVdF cathodes, ensuring a …

Show more

Dec 2022 • JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER

Novel in situ multi-harmonic EQCM-D approach to characterize complex carbon pore architectures for capacitive deionization of brackish water (vol 28, 114001, 2016)

Netanel Shpigel, Mikhael D Levi, Sergey Sigalov, Doron Aurbach, Leonid Daikhin, Volker Presser


Dec 2022 • Crystals

Nitrogen Structure Determination in Treated Fancy Diamonds via EPR Spectroscopy

Ira Litvak, Avner Cahana, Yaakov Anker, Sharon Ruthstein, Haim Cohen

Color induction in nitrogen-contaminated diamonds was carried out via various procedures that involve irradiation, thermal treatments (annealing), and more. These treatments affect vacancy defect production and atom orientation centers in the diamond lattice. Natural diamonds underwent color enhancement treatments in order to produce green, blue, and yellow fancy diamonds. The aim of this study was to follow the changes occurring during the treatment, mainly by EPR spectroscopy, which is the main source for the determination of the effect of paramagnetic centers (carbon-centered radicals) on the color centers produced via the treatments, but also via visual assessment, fluorescence, UV-vis, and FTIR spectroscopy. The results indicate that diamonds containing high levels of nitrogen contamination are associated with high carbon-centered radical concentrations. Four paramagnetic center structures (N1, N4, and P2/W21) were generated by the treatment. It is suggested that the N4 structure correlates with the formation of blue color centers, whereas yellow color centers are attributed to the presence of N1 species. While to produce blue and yellow colors, a thermal treatment is needed after irradiation, for treated green diamonds, no thermal treatment is needed (only irradiation).

Show more

Dec 2022 • Cell Reports Physical Science

A cost-effective water-in-salt electrolyte enables highly stable operation of a 2.15-V aqueous lithium-ion battery

Meital Turgeman, Vered Wineman-Fisher, Fyodor Malchik, Arka Saha, Gil Bergman, Bar Gavriel, Tirupathi Rao Penki, Amey Nimkar, Valeriia Baranauskaite, Hagit Aviv, Mikhael D Levi, Malachi Noked, Dan Thomas Major, Netanel Shpigel, Doron Aurbach

Extensive efforts are currently underway to develop safe and cost-effective electrolytes for large-scale energy storage. In this regard, water-based electrolytes may be an attractive option, but their narrow electrochemical stability window hinders their realization. Although highly concentrated fluorinated electrolytes have been shown to be highly effective in suppression of water splitting, enabling significant widening of the applied potential range, they utilize expensive salts (e.g., lithium bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl) imide [LiTFSI] or lithium trifluoromethane sulfonate [LiOTf]); hence, they cannot be considered for practical applications. Here, we demonstrate a cost-effective aqueous electrolyte solution combining 14 M LiCl and 4 M CsCl that allows stable operation of a 2.15-V battery comprising a TiO2 anode and LiMn2O4 cathode. Addition of CsCl to the electrolyte plays a double role in system stabilization: the added …

Show more

logo
Articali

Powered by Articali

TermsPrivacy